Home Remedies To Cure Dandruff Naturally

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 14/02/2024

Dandruff is an ordinary and well-known scalp condition that leads to the appearance of white flakes, causing itchiness and discomfort. It is not just a cosmetic concern but a prevalent scalp ailment that affects a significant portion of the population, irrespective of age or gender.

It is essential to understand the causes of dandruff to treat it effectively. Most of us prefer natural remedies to avoid the side effects of chemical treatments.

This blog helps you acknowledge the cause of this condition, dandruff removal home remedies, some prevention tips and caution on when to seek medical aid from a professional. Keep reading as we learn about all these aspects.

What Causes Dandruff?

Dandruff is caused by several factors that affect the scalp's health, leading to the shedding of dead skin cells more rapidly than usual. Key causes include:

Seborrheic Dermatitis

This common skin condition is marked by oily and irritated skin. It affects areas of the body with a high density of oil glands, including the scalp, causing red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis can contribute to the overproduction of skin cells, which die off and form dandruff.


The scalp's natural fungus, Malassezia, lives on the skin of most healthy adults without causing problems. However, it can sometimes cause problems. This can irritate the scalp and increase skin cell turnover, leading to dandruff.

Dry Skin

Dry skin is a common factor that causes dandruff, especially in colder climates. Unlike the oily flakes associated with other causes, dry skin typically results in smaller, non-oily flakes. The lack of moisture can cause the scalp to become irritated and flaky.

Sensitivity to Hair Care Products

Some individuals may be sensitive to reactions to certain ingredients in hair care products, leading to contact dermatitis. This reaction can cause an itchy and scaly scalp. Additionally, not thoroughly rinsing shampoo and other products can leave a residue that irritates the scalp and contributes to dandruff.

Not Shampooing Enough

Not timely washing the hair can lead to the collection of oils and dead skin cells on the scalp. This buildup can cause dandruff and may exacerbate the problem in individuals already vulnerable to the condition.

Other Skin Conditions

People with specific skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis have a higher chance of getting dandruff. These conditions can make the scalp red and swollen, which causes more flakes to appear and results in dandruff.

10 Home Remedies For Dandruff Naturally

While numerous commercial products claim to eliminate dandruff, natural remedies offer a gentler and often more effective alternative. Here are 10 best home remedies for dandruff and hair fall:

1. Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil contains antifungal properties that can effectively treat the fungus responsible for dandruff.

To use it, mix a few drops of tea tree oil with coconut oil to reduce its potency. Then, apply this mixture to your scalp, massage gently, and leave it on for an hour before washing your hair with a mild shampoo. Alternatively, you can add a few drops of tea tree oil to your regular shampoo for similar benefits.

2. Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is the best home remedy for dandruff, well-known for its moisturising properties, which can help combat the dryness associated with dandruff.

Lightly heat up a tablespoon of coconut oil and massage it gently into your scalp. This not only moisturises the scalp but also reduces itching and flakiness. For optimal results, apply coconut oil at night and wash your hair in the morning to allow the oil enough time to penetrate the scalp.

3. Apple Cider Vinegar

The natural acidity level of apple cider vinegar can aid in rebalancing the pH level of your scalp, which discourages the growth of yeast that leads to dandruff.

To use it, mix equal parts water and apple cider vinegar to create a rinse. After shampooing, pour this mixture over your scalp and leave it on for a couple of minutes before rinsing it out. Doing this can relieve itchiness and flakiness caused by dandruff.

4. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera gel has soothing properties that can help relieve scalp irritation and dandruff.

Apply fresh aloe vera gel directly to your scalp. Leave it on for approximately 30 minutes before rinsing it off. This treatment can help calm itchiness and promote a healthier scalp environment.

5. Lemon Juice

The natural citrus acidity of lemon juice can help combat dandruff by breaking down the fungus responsible for scalp issues.

Apply fresh lemon juice directly to your scalp and leave it on for a few minutes before washing your hair as usual. Its antifungal properties can provide relief from itchiness and flakiness. Coconut oil with lemon for dandruff is traditionally known as a cure.

6. Baking Soda

Baking soda works as a mild exfoliant, removing dead skin cells and soaking up extra oil from the scalp.

Apply the baking soda with water paste on your scalp. Massage the paste gently and leave it on for a few minutes before rinsing it off. Baking soda's antifungal properties can also help reduce the fungi that cause dandruff.

7. Yoghurt and Honey

Combining yoghurt and honey creates a potent mixture with moisturising and antibacterial properties, making it ideal for treating dandruff.

Mix two tablespoons of yoghurt with one tablespoon of honey and apply the mixture to your scalp and hair. Leave it on for approximately 15 minutes before washing it out with a gentle shampoo.

8. Neem Leaves

Neem possesses potent antifungal properties that can effectively combat dandruff and soothe scalp irritation.

Boil neem leaves in water until the water takes on a greenish tint. Allow the solution to cool, then strain it and use it as a hair rinse after shampooing.

9. Fenugreek Seeds

Soak fenugreek seeds overnight, then grind them into a paste and apply it to your scalp.

Leave the paste on for about an hour before washing it off with water. Fenugreek seeds contain antifungal and soothing properties that can help alleviate dandruff and soothe the scalp.

10. Olive Oil

Olive oil's moisturising benefits can be beneficial for dry scalp dandruff.

Warm some olive oil and massage it into your scalp before bed. Wrap your head in a towel or wear a shower cap overnight to allow the oil to moisturise your scalp deeply.

Note: Natural remedies for dandruff, such as tea tree oil or apple cider vinegar, are generally safe when used as directed. However, some people might have allergic reactions or skin irritation. It is important to do a patch test before trying any new remedy and stop using it if you experience any negative reactions.

Dandruff Prevention: Lifestyle and Dietary Tips

To effectively prevent dandruff, it is crucial to understand its causes. Recognising these triggers is the first step in adopting a lifestyle and diet that combat the issue.

Lifestyle Tips for Dandruff Prevention

Maintain Scalp Hygiene:

Regular cleansing of the scalp is fundamental in preventing the accumulation of oils and dead skin cells, which contribute to dandruff. Utilising a gentle shampoo tailored to your scalp's needs can significantly minimise the risk of dandruff. For individuals with an oily scalp, daily washing may be beneficial in controlling oil production and keeping dandruff at bay.

Manage Stress:

Stress has been identified as a potential trigger for dandruff in some individuals. High-stress levels can compromise your body's immune response, making your scalp more susceptible to the yeast that contributes to dandruff.

Incorporating stress-reduction practices into your daily routine, such as meditation, yoga, or regular physical exercise, can help lower stress levels. By managing stress effectively, you may reduce the severity or frequency of dandruff flare-ups.

Limit Hair Styling Products:

While hair sprays, gels, and waxes can enhance the appearance of your hair, they can also contribute to scalp buildup, leading to dandruff. These products can trap oil and skin cells on the scalp, exacerbating dandruff conditions.

It is advisable to use such styling products sparingly and to choose formulations that are non-comedogenic and designed to be gentle on the scalp. Regularly cleansing your hair to remove product buildup can also help prevent dandruff.

Sun Exposure:

A moderate amount of sunlight exposure can be beneficial for controlling dandruff. Sunlight may help inhibit the growth of the yeast associated with dandruff. However, it is essential to balance sun exposure with the risk of skin damage.

Excessive sun exposure without adequate protection can lead to sunburn and increase the risk of skin cancer. Spending a few minutes outdoors in the sunlight each day while ensuring to protect your skin with sunscreen can help manage dandruff without compromising skin health.

Choose the Right Hair Care:

Choosing the proper hair care products is crucial for individuals prone to dandruff. Look for mild dandruff shampoos containing active ingredients such as zinc pyrithione, selenium sulphide, or ketoconazole, which are effective in controlling dandruff.

Alternating between a dandruff shampoo and a regular mild shampoo may also prevent your scalp from becoming accustomed to a single product, enhancing the effectiveness of dandruff management.

Dietary Tips for Dandruff Prevention

Diet plays a significant role in skin and scalp health. Certain nutrients can help prevent dandruff by nourishing the scalp and regulating oil production.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids:

Omega-3 Fatty Acids are crucial for regulating oil production and hydration levels, which are essential for maintaining a healthy scalp. An imbalance in oil production can lead to a dry and flaky scalp, a common precursor to dandruff.

To ensure an adequate intake of omega-3s, one should consider incorporating fatty fish (such as salmon), flaxseeds and walnuts to prevent dandruff. These foods not only support scalp health but also offer numerous other health benefits.


Zinc plays a pivotal role in skin health, including that of the scalp. It aids in regulating sebum production. The natural oils produced by your skin, which, when balanced, can help prevent the development of dandruff.

Foods that are rich in zinc, such as oysters, beef, spinach, and pumpkin seeds, should be a regular part of your diet to harness these benefits.

Vitamins B6 and B12:

Vitamins B6 and B12 are essential nutrients that contribute significantly to healthy skin. A deficiency in these vitamins can lead to a variety of skin issues, including an increased risk of dandruff.

To ensure you are getting enough of these vitamins, include sources like chicken, fish, potatoes, and bananas in your meals. These foods not only support skin and scalp health but also play a role in overall bodily function.


Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can help balance the microbiome on your scalp. An imbalance in this microbiome can make your scalp more susceptible to dandruff-causing fungi.

Including probiotic-rich foods like yoghurt in your diet can help maintain this balance and support a healthy scalp environment.

Antioxidants and Vitamin E:

Antioxidants and Vitamin E are vital for protecting the skin cells on your scalp. Oxidative stress can damage these cells, leading to scalp issues, including dandruff.

Foods rich in Vitamin E and other antioxidants, such as almonds, spinach, and avocados, can help protect these cells and maintain scalp health.

Adequate Hydration:

Adequate Hydration is essential for maintaining healthy skin and scalp. Dehydration can lead to dry skin, which includes the skin on your scalp, potentially leading to dandruff.

It is essential to drink plenty of water throughout the day to ensure your body and scalp remain hydrated.

Limit Sugar and Yeast:

Limiting Sugar and Yeast intake may benefit individuals prone to dandruff. Some people find that reducing the consumption of sugar and yeast-containing foods can help manage dandruff, possibly by minimising the growth of specific yeasts on the skin.

While this approach may not work for everyone, it could be a beneficial dietary adjustment for those looking to manage their dandruff.

When to Seek for Medical Aid For Dandruff?

In many cases, dandruff can be effectively managed with over-the-counter shampoos and changes in hair care practices. However, there are circumstances under which seeking medical aid becomes necessary. Recognising these signs is crucial for ensuring proper scalp health and avoiding potential complications.

Persistent Symptoms Despite the Treatment

For dandruff treatment at home, if you have been regularly using anti-dandruff shampoos for several weeks without any improvement in symptoms, it may be time to consult a healthcare professional. Persistent dandruff despite treatment could indicate an underlying condition that requires a more targeted approach.

Severe Scalp Irritation or Itchiness

While mild itchiness can be a common symptom of dandruff, severe or persistent itching that disrupts daily activities or sleep should prompt a visit to a healthcare provider. This level of discomfort may be a sign of an underlying skin condition, such as dermatitis, that requires specific treatment.

Visible Signs of Scalp Infection

If the scalp becomes red, swollen, or tender to the touch, or if you notice any pus-filled bumps, these could be signs of an infection. Scalp infections can occur when the skin barrier is compromised, and they necessitate prompt medical attention to prevent further complications.

Excessive Hair Loss

It's normal to shed some hair on a daily basis, but if you notice thinning or bald patches, it may indicate a more serious condition related to your scalp health. If you experience excessive hair loss in conjunction with dandruff, it's essential to seek medical advice to determine the cause and appropriate treatment.

If Dandruff Spread Beyond the Scalp

If flaky, itchy skin appears on other parts of your body, such as your eyebrows, beard, or chest, this could suggest a condition that extends beyond common dandruff. Conditions like seborrheic dermatitis can affect various areas and require a healthcare professional's assessment.

Underlying Health Condition

Individuals with weakened immune systems or chronic conditions like psoriasis or eczema are more susceptible to severe dandruff and related skin disorders. If you fall into these categories, consult a healthcare provider for a tailored treatment plan.

The Bottom Line

Dandruff is a common scalp condition that can cause severe discomfort to an individual. Understanding its causes, such as seborrheic dermatitis, Malassezia overgrowth, dry skin, and sensitivity to hair care products, is essential for effective management. Incorporating natural remedies, along with lifestyle and dietary adjustments, can help alleviate symptoms and prevent dandruff recurrence.

While dandruff can often be managed effectively with proper hygiene and dandruff treatment at home, it may not have a permanent cure. Maintaining good scalp hygiene, managing stress levels, choosing appropriate hair care products, and following a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients are vital aspects of dandruff prevention. Also, seeking medical advice when necessary is crucial for maintaining scalp health and overall well-being.

Health Insurance Plan with Tata AIG

While treating dandruff is important, it is also crucial to consider the role of health insurance in overall health management. The health insurance plans offer financial protection against medical expenses, including treatments for critical medical conditions that may require professional care beyond home remedies.

To ensure you are adequately covered, it is advisable to compare health insurance plans. Look for a health insurance plan with us at Tata AIG; it includes coverage for specialist consultations, such as doctor’s visits at your nearby hospitals.

Selecting the right medical insurance is not just about financial safety; it's about ensuring you have access to the necessary medical care when you need it. This approach complements home remedies, providing a comprehensive strategy for managing your health.


Can dandruff lead to other scalp issues?

Dandruff itself doesn't typically lead to other scalp issues, but severe cases or underlying conditions may cause complications like scalp infections or excessive hair loss.

Is dandruff Contagious?

No, dandruff is not contagious. It is a common scalp condition that can be caused due to factors like dry skin, fungal infections, or sensitivity to hair care products.

Can dandruff cause hair loss?

While dandruff itself doesn't directly cause hair loss, severe cases or underlying scalp conditions may lead to hair thinning or shedding. Addressing the underlying cause of dandruff and maintaining scalp health can help minimise hair loss associated with dandruff.

Can stress trigger dandruff?

Stress can exacerbate dandruff symptoms in some individuals by compromising the immune system, making the scalp more susceptible to fungal infections or inflammation. However, more research is needed to understand the relationship between stress and dandruff.

Is there a permanent cure for dandruff?

While dandruff can often be managed effectively with proper hygiene, there may not be a permanent solution for dandruff at home. However, following a consistent hair care routine and addressing underlying causes can significantly reduce its occurrence.

Can children get dandruff?

Yes, children can develop dandruff, although it's less common in younger age groups compared to adults. Dandruff in children is typically mild and can often be managed with gentle cleansing and moisturising of the scalp.

Disclaimer: This is a general guide on home remedies to cure dandruff naturally. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice and should not be relied on as health or personal advice. It is advisable to consult a qualified health professional for treatment in severe cases.

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