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Vitamin B Benefits

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 26/01/2024
  • 2 min read

The B complex includes eight water-soluble vitamins vital for cellular function. This vitamin group plays vital roles in various bodily functions, such as cardiovascular and cellular health.

The Vitamin B group is typically obtained through a nutritious diet. Each of these essential vitamins contributes to overall bodily function, and exploring the specific roles of each B vitamin can help you understand their benefits.

Since these vitamins are integral to cellular function, they are commonly found in various foods. Dive into the details to learn more about vitamin B advantages, side effects, sources and others.

Types of Vitamin B

  • Vitamin B1 or thiamine

  • Vitamin B2 or riboflavin

  • Vitamin B3 or niacin

  • Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid

  • Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine

  • Biotin

  • Folic acid

  • Vitamin B12 or cobalamins

Benefits of Vitamin B

Vitamin B1 or thiamine

Beneficial for diabetes: Vitamin B helps control high blood sugar levels by regulating insulin levels. Additionally, it aids in reducing heart complications and hypertension in people with diabetes.

Reduces heart disease risks: Vitamin B1 effectively produces acetylcholine, enabling communication between muscles and nerves for proper heart function. Insufficient vitamin B1 can cause disturbances in cardiac performance, highlighting its importance in heart functioning.

Vitamin B2 or riboflavin

Decreasing Cataract Risk- Vitamin B2 is essential for maintaining healthy eyesight. Furthermore, it also helps in niacin production. One of the primary niacin benefits is that they are associated with reducing cataract risks.

Decreased migraine occurrences- Consuming vitamin B2 can benefit individuals suffering from regular migraines. People taking sufficient B2 vitamins suffer from significantly lower migraine occurrences.

Vitamin B3 or niacin

Boosts Brain Functioning- Niacin is essential for the proper functioning of the human brain. A deficiency in this vitamin is associated with issues like mental health concerns and brain fog.

Raises HDL cholesterol and decreases LDL cholesterol- Niacin lowers LDL cholesterol by approximately 5% to 20% while concurrently raises HDL cholesterol by around 15% to 35%.

Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid

Helps maintain a healthy digestive system- Vitamin B5 helps in maintaining a healthy digestive system. It helps your body utilise other vitamins, particularly riboflavin.

Synthesising Coenzyme A- Vitamin B5 helps produce coenzyme A, crucial for converting food into fatty acids and cholesterol. Additionally, this coenzyme plays a key role in synthesising fatty acids. It is also essential for the liver to metabolise specific drugs and toxins.

Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine

Brain functioning- Pyridoxine aids in developing and regulating neurotransmitters in your brain. Some studies suggest that older individuals with high vitamin levels in the body can have sharper memory.

Maintaining normal levels of homocysteine- An excess of homocysteine, an amino acid in the bloodstream, can lead to heart problems. Vitamin B6 helps maintain an optimal range of homocysteine in the blood, further preventing heart ailments.

Vitamin B7 or biotin

Controls neuropathy- Biotin benefits extend to minimising nerve damage in individuals with diabetes or those undergoing dialysis.

Treats biotin-responsive basal ganglia disease- This rare hereditary condition affects a segment of the nervous system that regulates movement, leading to symptoms like weakness, rigidity, involuntary muscle tensing, and other complications. Vitamin B7 and thiamine treatment have positively responded to managing this health condition.

Vitamin B9 or Folate

Reduced risk of congenital deformities- Ensuring sufficient folate intake is crucial during pregnancy, as it safeguards against miscarriage and helps prevent neural tube defects in the foetus.

RBC production and proper iron functioning- Folate and vitamin B12 contribute to red blood cell production. Furthermore, it supports the effective functioning of iron in humans.

Vitamin B12

Helps in the formation of RBCs- One of the most prominent vitamin B12 health benefits is that it facilitates RBC production. A deficiency in vitamin B12 can hinder the development of the RBCs.

Can prevent significant congenital disabilities- Another one of the B12 B complex benefits is that this nutrient is essential for experiencing a healthy pregnancy. Furthermore, the development of the foetal brain and nervous system relies on adequate levels of this vitamin obtained from the mother.

Side Effects of Vitamin B Deficiency

  • Gingivitis

  • Poor memory

  • Diarrhoea

  • Skin issues

  • Confusion

  • Balance issues

  • Headache

  • Fatigue

  • Poor immune function

  • Stomach aches

  • Seizures

  • Sore throat and lips

  • Anaemia

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Mouth sores

  • Tongue inflammation

Sources of Vitamin B

Listed below are some of the rich vitamin B food sources:



Watermelon Avocado







Sweet potatoes



Non vegetarian food sources




Hard-boiled eggs






Shellfish such as oysters and clams

Whole grains


Brown rice


Dairy products



Thus, to boost your vitamin B intake, you can rely on these natural sources. Considering the numerous benefits of vitamin B, it is advisable to plan a well-balanced diet that incorporates all the mentioned foods in optimum quantity. This will ensure a healthy and fit lifestyle.

Overconsumption of Vitamin B Rich Foods

Vitamin B is crucial for various bodily functions, yet it is important to know that excessive intake can lead to problems. Hence, it is advisable to maintain an optimal quantity of vitamin B for overall well-being.

Here are some side effects of overconsumption of vitamin B:

  • Rashes on the skin

  • Tingling sensation

  • Numbness

  • Hypertension

  • Insomnia

  • Gastrointestinal disorders

  • Mood swings

  • Hypotension

To Conclude

Health is the most essential aspect of human life. One must care for their health by eating good food and indulging in regular workouts. These habits help one stay fit. In times as uncertain as the present, a medical crisis is unpredictable. Therefore, a health insurance plan becomes a necessity.

Medical insurance is also essential for your peace of mind, especially with today's technological advancements, making it convenient to avail of cashless health insurance.

Considering this, you can visit Tata AIG's website, where various options are available for selection. You can compare and buy health insurance online on our website in a few simple steps.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the uses of vitamin B complex tablets?

Vitamin B complex tablet uses include prevention or treating vitamin deficiency caused due to alcoholism, poor diet, or during pregnancy.

Which vitamin B is more important?

Vitamin B12 is crucial as it is required to form RBCs and DNA. It is also vital in the functioning and formation of nerve cells and the brain.

Should I consume vitamin B every day?

Vitamin B is water soluble and does not stay in your body long. If you are taking vitamin B supplements, you must take them once every day.

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