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Common Eye Diseases

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 15/07/2022

The eyes are one of the most sensitive and delicate organs of the human body. Unfortunately, with the increasing pollution, extended screen times, growing stress, and other external factors, eye diseases are a common problem afflicting several individuals. While some eye problems cause little to no harm to an individual suffering from them, some others can severely impair vision and may even lead to blindness if left unattended.

Considering this, it is important to know about the common eye disorders in India and choose a comprehensive health insurance policy from Tata AIG that will secure you against the rising medical costs so you can get the best treatment without the worry of it causing a significant dent in your savings. Moreover, the process of health insurance claims with Tata AIG is simple, and you can also avail yourself of the cashless claim services at our network hospitals.

Without further ado, let us take a look at the most common eye diseases in India and their subsequent symptoms and treatments for better eye health.

Understanding the Common Eye Diseases in India

Common eye disorders often afflict most people at one point or another in their lives. Some of these eye problems may be minor inconveniences that may go away on their own with some rest and common home remedies such as relaxing them or applying some cold compression, etc. Other eye diseases will, however, need more specialist care.

The good news is that whether your vision has changed from what it used to be like, or even if it was never all that great, to begin with, there are things that can be done to improve your eye health. Let us understand some common types of eye diseases so you can start an early treatment to get back on track sooner:

  • Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis or pink eye is one of the most common eye disorders in India. It is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva (the transparent membrane that lines your eyelid and partly covers the white area of your eyeball). The whites in your eyes start to appear reddish and pink when the small blood vessels in the conjunctiva become inflamed and, therefore, more visible.

Conjunctivitis is commonly caused due to a bacterial or viral infection and even allergies. While this eye disease may be irritating, it does not affect your vision. However, because it is contagious, early treatment is recommended to prevent its spread. This is one of the most common types of eye disease in India.

  • Cataract

A common eye problem in middle-aged and older adults, cataract is a clouding of the normally clear eye lens. It can feel like looking through a frosty glass or a foggy window and can make it difficult for the patient to read or drive (particularly at night). Initially, glasses and stronger lighting can help with the problem; however, if your vision starts to affect your routine, cataract surgery is recommended for treatment. This is one of the most common types of eye disease in India.

  • Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye condition that damages the optic nerve in your eye, which is vital for vision. It is one of the most common eye diseases in India that leads to blindness. Since the loss of vision owing to glaucoma is irreversible, it is recommended to have eye exams at regular intervals so that the loss of vision can be slowed or even prevented. Out of the eye diseases list, this one is worrisome because there are no symptoms until the problem is exacerbated.

  • Amblyopia

Amblyopia or lazy eye is the reduction of vision in one eye. It is one of the most common eye diseases in India that affects children. In this, the weaker, or the lazy eye either wander inwards or outwards. The problem generally develops from birth up to the age of 7, and with early diagnosis and treatment, long-term problems concerning a child’s vision can be prevented. This is one of the most common types of eye disease in India.

  • Dry Eye Syndrome

As the name suggests, dry eye syndrome is when your tear ducts don’t provide adequate lubrication to your eyes leading to a dry sensation in your eyes that may sting or burn. This is because the instability of tears causes inflammation of the eye and damages the surface of the eye. This is one of the common eye disorders in India. Treatments for dry eyes help relieve some of the discomforts; however, to keep the symptoms under control, the patient might have to indefinitely continue with their treatment. This is a common disease on the eye diseases list.

  • Blepharitis

Blepharitis is an inflammatory condition that usually affects the edge of both eyelids. One of the most common causes of this condition is owing to the clogging of the eye glands at the base of the eyelashes. Although blepharitis is a chronic eye condition that is difficult to treat, it does not cause permanent damage to your eyesight and isn’t contagious. This is one of the common eye disorders in India.

  • Entropion

Entropion is a condition that leads to an inward turning of the eyelids such that the rubbing of the eyelashes and the skin of the eyes leads to irritation and discomfort in the eyes. Patients suffering from this condition may either experience a constant inward turning of the lower eyelid, or it might occur only when they blink hard or tightly squeeze their eyes shut. If left untreated, the condition can cause damage to the patient’s cornea leading to an eye infection or even a loss of vision. This is one of the common eye disorders in India.

  • Macular Degeneration

One of the more common eye disorders generally affecting individuals over the age of 50, macular degeneration causes reduced or blurred central vision and usually affects both eyes. Over time, the vision might worsen and come in the way of routine activities such as driving or reading; however, the loss of vision is limited to the central region while retaining peripheral vision.

The aforementioned eye disease list might sound scary, but as with most health conditions, early detection and treatment can prevent and limit the damage from spreading. Because of the common nature of these diseases, it is always good practice to get a medical insurance plan that covers eye problems. The benefits of health insurance extend beyond a mere financial back up and go on to relieve the stress of the patient in times of trial.

Treatments for Different Types of Eye Diseases

Eye Diseases Treatment
Conjunctivitis Artificial tears, cleaning the eyelids with a wet cloth and cold or warm compress.
Cataract Prescribed glasses or lenses, or surgery
Glaucoma Eye drops, medication, and/or surgery
Amblyopia Eye patches, eye drops, prescribed glasses or contact lenses, and occasionally surgery
Dry Eye Syndrome Lubricating eye drops to reduce dryness, tear duct plugs and glasses, and medication might include immunosuppressive drug
Blepharitis In most cases, patients might only need to wash their eyes and use a warm compress
Entropion Lubricating eye drops, soft lenses, Botox, and/or entropion surgery
Macular Degeneration Injections or oral medication, photocoagulation therapy


To conclude, the eyes are one of the most delicate and important parts of the body and with regular check-ups and a great medical insurance plan, individuals can ensure wholesome eye care. The benefits of health insurance are more than just protecting your eyes, and the rising number of health concerns and lifestyle diseases makes it imperative to have a comprehensive health insurance policy that can come to your assistance in times of trial.

With a wholesome health insurance plan, individuals can stop worrying about the burden of bearing the cost of surgery and focus on their recovery. A medical insurance plan can cover the expenses of both you and your family and promise superior treatment in times of soaring hospitalisation costs. Most health insurance plans also offer a cover for pre-existing health conditions, making it easier for patients to shoulder the burden of their health conditions.

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