Harmful Effects of Junk Food Consumption

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 02/05/2022

It is a well-known truth that junk foods have negative aspects. According to several studies, fast foods and highly processed foods have been linked to an upsurge in childhood obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other chronic illnesses. Therefore, the Delhi government has demanded a ban on junk food sales in schools and within 50 metres.

Not only can they add inches to your belly, but doctors and scientists have suggested that junk food can cause major brain damage in several studies. The scary part is that it's not simply years of bad eating that might cause a mental breakdown; even a few days of regular junk food consumption can cause a mental breakdown. And the ill effects of junk food do not end here.

We cannot completely cut out junk food from our lives. For many people, having junk food is not a choice but a matter of necessity. They do not have time or resources to curate a healthy meal. Prolonged consumption of junk foods makes you vulnerable.

While we can try our best to prevent lifestyle diseases, we never know when they will take us by surprise. Thus, we can stay prepared by purchasing the best medical insurance plan available. Tata AIG provides its customers with health insurance curated to suit their needs. You get a customised medical insurance plan at affordable rates and cashless health insurance service at over 7000+ hospitals nationwide.

Although there are many disadvantages of junk food, there are many benefits of health insurance from Tata AIG. So get your health insurance plan at the earliest to save you from any harm the consumption of junk food may cause you.

What is Junk Food?

Junk foods are heavy in kilojoules, fat, sugars, and salt and have a low nutritional value (e.g., nutrients, minerals, and fibres). On the other hand, fast food is a type of restaurant meal designed to be served to you as quickly as possible. Therefore, although some fast foods are healthy, most fast foods are junk food. Now that you know what is junk food, you must understand that the side effects of junk food consumption are vast, and we will be looking into some of those side effects here.

Disadvantages of Junk Food

If you are looking for the answer to why we should not eat junk food, you need not look any further. Some harmful effects of junk foods are:

  • Cardiovascular Disease

Junk food is low in nutritional content, high in sodium, and rich in saturated fat, which can raise cholesterol and blood pressure. These two conditions are major contributors to heart disease and stroke.

  • Constipation

Dietary fibre is abundant in many greens, fruits, whole grains, nuts, and seeds, and it plays an important role in the digestive system. Fibre aids in the proper functioning of our digestive tract by flushing wastes from the body. In addition, it can aid in reducing cholesterol and the maintenance of normal blood sugar levels. Unfortunately, however, most fast foods are low in dietary fibre, which leads to constipation. This is one of the ill effects of junk food consumption.

  • Obesity

One of the most typical side effects of junk eating is obesity. Junk foods are high in calories, carbohydrates, and fats, all of which contribute to weight gain. Obesity also causes a slew of problems, including joint pain, diabetes, and various cardiac problems. As a result, it's critical to limit your fast food intake. This is one of the top disadvantages of fast food.

  • Bloating

Sodium levels are high in several pre-packaged and fast foods. Additionally, salt is occasionally added as a flavour or preservative. Furthermore, too much salt might make it difficult for your body to store water, causing your stomach to feel bloated or puffy. This is one of the worst side effects of junk food.

  • Hypertension

Fast food is high in sodium, raising blood pressure and exacerbating underlying heart conditions, such as congestive heart failure. In addition, its trans and saturated fats cause triglyceride levels to rise. This is one of the most harmful disadvantages of fast food.

  • Diabetes

Increased blood sugar concentrations in the body are among the most evident harmful ill effects of fast food. For example, because white wheat contains sugar, it causes a rise in insulin, leading to diabetes.

  • Skin Problems

Formerly, pizza and chocolate were blamed for acne. Carbohydrate-rich foods produce blood sugar surges, which can lead to acne. As per a study, eczema can develop in teenagers and children who eat fast food. Eczema is a skin condition that causes itchy, inflammatory areas of the skin.

  • Memory Deficits

If you eat foods high in sugar and fat, your brain's function that aids learning may be suppressed. Excessive junk food consumption leads to poor cognitive test outcomes. The hippocampus, a brain area, controls learning and memory. A rapid inflammation in the hippocampus happens due to consuming sugary meals. Memory problems are one of the greater disadvantages of junk foods.

  • Degradation of the Teeth

Fast food's sugar and carbohydrates cause acids that can destroy tooth enamel, resulting in bad dental hygiene. Furthermore, the extra salt and sugar in fast food stick to the teeth, increasing the risk of dental decay and cavities.

  • High Cholesterol

Many fast foods we consume are manufactured from animal products or are deep-fried. It also increases the fat content of the dish. Cholesterol levels may rise due to fat, lowering HDL, or good cholesterol.

Alternatives to Junk Food

Now that you know the facts about junk food, strive to eat more nutritious foods, and if you must try something new, here are some of the greatest options.

  • When you're outside, try to eat sandwiches with fresh ingredients.
  • Instead of soda or a cold beverage, try fresh fruit juices.
  • Wraps made of vegetables can be consumed.
  • When drunk in moderation, buttermilk or Lassi is always beneficial to one's health.


There is no greater asset than our health. If we wish to live a long and happy life, we must learn to care for our health. The first step to that is taking care of what we are eating. If we eat well and exercise regularly, we will have a stress-free life. Another step to creating a stress-free life for ourselves includes buying good health insurance. Finally, good health and security in cases of medical emergencies are sure to keep you happy and in high spirits.

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