Health Benefits of Ragi (Finger Millet)

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 15/02/2024

Lagenaria siceraria, also referred to as Lauki in Hindi and bottle gourd in English, is a common vegetable in India. Traditionally, bottle gourd has been used to cure various illnesses, including fever, cough, discomfort, and asthma.

Because of its advantages, people have used it since ancient times. In addition, it is regarded as a good source of other nutrients like vitamins B and C.

This humble green gourd, commonly found in many kitchens, packs a powerful nutritional punch. Rich in essential vitamins and minerals, bottle gourd uses are a versatile addition to any diet.

But there's more. Continue reading to learn about the benefits of eating Lauki and how including it in your diet might make your life easier.

What is Lauki (Bottle Gourd)?

Lauki, also known as Bottle Gourd, is a popular vegetable grown and enjoyed in many cultures around the world. It belongs to the gourd family and is distinguished by its elongated shape, which resembles a bottle, thus the name.

Lauki is renowned for its mild flavour and adaptability in the kitchen, as it can be used in both savoury and sweet recipes. It contains critical nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibre, making it a healthy supplement to any diet.

Commonly, bottle gourd is used in curries, soups, stir-fries, and desserts. Lauki, with its delicate flavour and several health advantages, is still a popular addition in many homes, providing both culinary delight and nourishment.

Bottle Gourd Benefits and Side Effects

Here's an overview of the bottle gourd benefits and potential side effects:**

Benefits of Eating Bottle Gourd

  • Nutrient Rich: Bottle gourd, commonly known as calabash or Lauki, contains important minerals. It contains vitamins C, B, and K, as well as minerals like calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc.

  • Digestive Health: Bottle gourd's dietary fibre promotes bowel movements and prevents constipation. It also promotes a healthy gut microbiome.

  • Weight Management: Bottle gourds are a great addition to diets for weight loss because they are high in fibre and low in calories. It makes you feel full, which lowers your total caloric consumption.

  • Hydration: The bottle gourd's high water content (about 92%) aids in maintaining body hydration, particularly in hot weather and when performing physically demanding exercises.

  • Heart Health: Potassium, which is abundant in bottle gourds, helps control blood pressure and heart rate. Eating bottle gourds on a regular basis can help keep your heart healthy.

  • Hydrates Skin: The bottle gourd benefits for skin are manifold, as it contains vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, zinc, and magnesium, which promote healthy skin function and rejuvenation. Its anti-inflammatory properties may help relax irritated skin and alleviate conditions like eczema and psoriasis.

  • Boost Immunity: Bottle gourd benefits extend to boosting immunity. Bottle gourds contain vitamin C, which boosts immunity and increases resistance to diseases and infections.

  • Detoxification: The benefits of bottle gourd for detoxification are well-known. It contributes to the body's detoxification process, which enhances general health and well-being.

Side Effects of Bottle Gourd

While bottle gourd as well as bottle gourd juice benefits are numerous, it's important to be aware of potential side effects:

  • Toxicity: Bottle gourd contains toxic compounds known as cucurbitacins which are responsible for toxicity and its bitter taste. These substances have the potential to induce gastrointestinal distress, nausea, and vomiting.

  • Allergic Reactions: Some people may be allergic to bottle gourds, which can cause swelling, rashes, or itching after eating the vegetable.

  • Blood Sugar Variations: Because bottle gourd has a low glycemic index, it's generally thought to be safe for diabetics, but it's essential to always keep an eye on the blood sugar levels as too much of it can create variations.

  • Interference with Medication: Certain drugs, particularly those provided for diabetes and blood pressure, may cause problems when used with bottle gourds. Before incorporating it into your diet, especially in big amounts or in concentrated forms like juice, it is best to consult your healthcare provider.

  • Flatulence: If a person has a delicate digestive system or is not used to eating a lot of fibre-rich meals, they may experience gas or bloating after eating bottle gourd.

Nutritional Analysis of Bottle Gourd

Here's a table outlining the nutritional analysis of the benefits of eating bottle gourd.

Nutrient  Amount Per 100g
Calories 15
Total Fat 0.2g 
Saturated Fat 0.1g
Cholesterol 0mg
Sodium 2mg
Total Carbohydrates 3.4g
Dietary Fibre 1g
Sugars 1.8g
Protein 0.6g
Vitamin C 14.7mg (24% DV)
Vitamin C 0.04mg (2% DV)
Vitamin B6 4μg (1% DV)
Folate  19mg (2% DV)
Calcium  0.2mg (1% DV)
Iron 8mg (2% DV)
Magnesium 116 mg (3% DV)
Potassium 0.161mg (8% DV)

Note: The numbers are approximations and may vary significantly depending on variety, growing conditions, and preparation methods.

Incorporating Lauki Into Your Diet

Here are some creative ways to incorporate Lauki into your meals:**

  • Lauki Curry: Sauté onions, tomatoes, and spices such as coriander, cumin, turmeric, and chilli powder to make a flavourful lauki curry. Add the diced lauki pieces and cook until tender. Ensure to garnish with cilantro and serve with rice or roti for a filling supper.

  • Lauki Soup: Cook lauki chunks in vegetable broth with garlic, ginger, and a bit of coconut milk to make a soothing soup. Blend until smooth to achieve a creamy texture. Season with pepper and salt, and add a squeeze of lime juice for extra flavour.

  • Lauki Stir-Fry: Stir fry lauki is served with other colourful vegetables like bell peppers, carrots, and snap peas. Toss in your favourite protein, such as tofu, chicken, or prawns, and season with ginger, soy sauce, and garlic for a tasty and nutritious meal.

  • Lauki Paratha: Grate lauki and combine with whole wheat flour, chopped cilantro, green chillies, and spices to form a dough. Roll into parathas and cook on a hot griddle with a little oil until golden brown. Serve with yoghurt or pickle for a filling dinner.

  • Lauki Raita: Grate the lauki and combine it with yoghurt, chopped mint leaves, toasted cumin powder, and a touch of salt. This refreshing lauki raita pairs well with hot curries or biryanis.

  • Lauki Smoothie: Combine lauki cubes, ripe bananas, spinach and a splash of almond milk to make a nutritious and hydrating smoothie. For a natural sweetener, try honey or dates.

  • Lauki Halwa: For a healthful dessert, simmer grated lauki with ghee, milk, and sugar until it thickens into a creamy halwa. Then garnish with chopped nuts and serve warm for a satisfying treat.

Precautions and Considerations

Bottle gourd is a popular vegetable in various cuisines due to its mild taste and several health advantages. However, as with any meal, there are precautions and concerns to take when handling, cooking, and eating Lauki.

Here are some key aspects to consider:

  • When selecting lauki, look for ones that are firm, weighty for their size, and have a nice finish. Avoid those with soft patches, bruising, or wrinkles, which could suggest spoilage.

  • Bottle gourd can be kept in a cool, dry place for up to one week. For a longer shelf life, store it in the refrigerator and utilise it within a few days of cutting.

  • Before cooking, properly clean the bottle gourd with running water to eliminate any dirt or impurities. Peeling the skin is suggested since it is rough and may contain bitter substances. Furthermore, removing the seeds is recommended, especially if they are large and mature because they can be bitter and cause digestive problems.

  • Eating too much lauki or eating it raw may cause nausea, vomiting, or stomach pain. However, these compounds are frequently detected in extremely low concentrations in cultivated cultivars, and effective cooking can eliminate them.

  • Like with any food, moderation is key. While bottle gourd can be a healthy addition to your diet when consumed in appropriate amounts, excessive consumption may lead to unwanted effects.

  • Some people may be allergic or sensitive to bottle gourd. It is important to be aware of any allergic responses or sensitivities you may face while consuming this vegetable.


The benefits of eating lauki or bottle gourd are many. Lauki has a comprehensive nutritional profile that includes vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, which provide numerous benefits for general health.

Its high water content promotes hydration, while its low calorie and fat levels make it an excellent choice for weight management. Furthermore, the fibre content promotes digestive health and may help with gastrointestinal disorders.

Individuals can get the health benefits of Lauki by including it in meals and snacks, allowing them to consume a balanced, healthy diet. However, as with any food, moderation is crucial, and people should consider their own nutritional needs as well as potential interactions with medications.

About Tata AIG Health Insurance

While including nutritious and healthy food like lauki in our diet is extremely important, it is equally important to protect our health with comprehensive health insurance.

In an unpredictable world where medical emergencies or unexpected health issues might occur any time, having an adequate health insurance plan can provide the necessary financial security and peace of mind.

When it comes to providing complete coverage for medical expenses, Tata AIG Health Insurance stands out as a dependable partner. Tata AIG ensures that individuals get the best benefits of health insurance policies by providing individuals and families with the confidence of exceptional healthcare without the burden of high medical expenditures.

Our medical insurance coverage provides financial help for routine check-ups, hospitalisation, and specialised treatments, ensuring that you obtain the care you need without sacrificing quality or worrying about the cost.

With Tata AIG health insurance plans, you may have peace of mind knowing that you are covered for any health-related emergencies, allowing you to live life to the fullest with confidence and security.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can lauki be consumed raw?

While lauki can be eaten raw in salads or juices, some people may find it difficult to digest it in its raw form. Cooking lauki softens its texture and enhances its digestibility, making it a more suitable option for many individuals.

Can lauki seeds or extracts be used for medicinal purposes?

Yes, lauki seeds and extracts are utilised in traditional medicine for their medicinal properties. lauki seed extract is believed to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-diabetic effects, among other potential health benefits.

Can lauki consumption help manage digestive diseases like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?

Yes, lauki's high water and fibre content, as well as its relaxing characteristics, can help those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Lauki's mild nature may help ease symptoms like bloating, gas, and stomach pain, making it an appropriate complement to an IBS-friendly diet. However, consuming it in moderation is the key.

Disclaimer: This is a general guide on Health Benefits of Lauki (Bottle Gourd). It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice and should not be relied on as health or personal advice. It is advisable to consult a qualified health professional for treatment in severe cases.

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