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Scientific Names of Vitamins and Their Sources

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 06/02/2023

Every organism needs vitamins in little amounts for the metabolism to work properly. Vitamin is an essential micronutrient, and these can be divided into two groups: fat-soluble and water-soluble. The human body contains 13 vitamins in total. Four of these 13 vitamins—Vitamins A, D, E, and K—are fat-soluble; the remaining nine—including the eight B vitamins and vitamin C—are water-soluble.

There are both common names and scientific names for various animals, plants, and other living things. Likewise, each vitamin has its corresponding scientific name. Their compositions, physical and chemical characteristics, and biochemical functions serve as the foundation for this nomenclature.

In this blog, we will talk about the scientific name of all the vitamins. But before that, we must also tell you that vitamin deficiency can lead to serious ailments in the long run. Hence, in order to save your hard-earned finances, it’s necessary to have a health insurance policy in place.

Any health policy, be it a general one or a critical illness insurance plan, will ensure you get the best treatments without burning a hole in your pockets. Also, with Tata AIG, you can buy a health insurance plan online, from the comfort of your home or office, in just a few minutes.

Now, let’s go back straight to the central topic of this blog; vitamins and their scientific names.

A Simple List of All Vitamins and Their Scientific Names

Depending on a person's body, varying amounts of vitamins are needed. Health problems can result from vitamin deficiencies or overdoses. Hence, they should be consumed in the suggested dosage. In order to fight the illness and other foreign bodies that infiltrate our bodies, as well as to lessen the disease's effects, we need vitamins and nutrients on a daily basis.

The table below briefly discusses the many vitamin types, their dietary sources, the relevance of vitamins for human health, and diseases brought on by vitamin deficiencies, along with their scientific names.

Common Name Scientific Name Food Source Deficiency
Vitamin A Retinol Nuts, Mango, Papaya, Tomatoes, Green Leafy Vegetables, Oily Fish, Apricots, etc. Dry skin and eyes, night blindness
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Corn, Cashews, Milk, Dates, Fresh Fruits, Peas, Black Beans, etc. Beriberi
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Cheese, Yoghurt, Spinach, Red Meat, Almond, etc. Hair loss, anaemia, sore throat
Vitamin B3 Niacin Nuts, Bananas, Seeds, Brown Rice, Legumes, etc. Fatigue, Depression, Hallucination, Memory Loss
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine Chicken, Fish, Bread, Wholegrain Cereals, Eggs, etc Weak Immune System, Dermatitis, Swollen Tongue
Vitamin B7 Biotin Avocado, Sweet Potato, Nuts and Seeds, Eggs, Fish, etc. Hair thinning, Brittle Nails, Skin Rashes, etc.
Vitamin B9 Folic Acid Green Leafy Vegetables, Citrus Fruits, Legumes, Beetroot, etc. Weakness, Fatigue, Neurological Issues, etc.
Vitamin B12 Cobalamin Poultry, Eggs, Fish, Milk, etc. Tiredness, Light-headedness, etc.
Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid Citrus Fruits, Goat Milk, Chestnuts, Broccoli, Grapefruit, etc. Anorexia, Hyperkeratosis, Poor Healing of Wounds, etc.
Vitamin D Calciferol Cod liver Oil, Beef, Chicken, Cereals, Egg Yolk, etc. Cystic Fibrosis, Celiac Disease, and Crohn’s Disease
Vitamin E Tocopherol Pumpkin, Mango, Guava, Potatoes, Nuts, Seeds, etc. Muscle Damage, Nerve Damage, Vision Loss, etc.
Vitamin K Phytonadione Mangoes, Lamb, Beef, Grapes, Tomatoes, etc. Osteoporosis, Poor Bone Development, etc.

Importance of Regular Vitamin Intake

Now that you know the scientific name of all vitamins, you must also know that regular intake of vitamins is extremely important to keep off illnesses. Vitamins aid in wound healing and stimulate the immune system to fight against more infections. They transform the food we eat into energy so our bodies can utilise it for various purposes.

Our bodies must have vitamins and minerals to function properly. From nutrient breakdown to healthy immunological response, vitamins are essential to our body's functioning. Micronutrients are another name for vitamins. Our bodies depend heavily on these micronutrients to keep them stable.

Prescribed Dosage of Vitamins

When you don't receive enough nutrients from dietary sources, supplements are advised. These supplements are made to provide you with the necessary nourishment within the specified range.

  • RDA - The recommended dietary allowance is abbreviated as RDA. The RDA represents the spectrum of vitamins and minerals that the body requires. For diverse groups, such as males, women, and children, it varies.

  • UL - The range of daily vitamin and mineral intake that can be ingested without running the danger of overdosage or other intoxication is known as the "UL" (tolerable upper intake level).


It was well known at the start of the twentieth century that a diet consisting solely of purified carbs, proteins, fats, and minerals, was insufficient to support a person's healthy growth and development. Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, an English biochemist, received the Nobel Prize for his role in discovering vitamins in 1929.

All vitamins cannot be measured and consumed in accordance with the prescribed dietary allowance. Instead, eat all meals in the correct quantities. Eat a healthy, balanced diet to prevent vitamin deficiencies. All creatures need vitamins for growth and development. The prescribed ranges for vitamin intake should be followed. Toxic effects may result from range overshoot, and nutritional deficiencies may result from range reduction.

We would suggest you keep this blog handy to know about vitamin A scientific name, vitamin K's scientific name, the scientific name of vitamin B, vitamin C's scientific name, and so on in the future.

Also, at Tata AIG, you can find the right match for your health insurance needs. Get in touch with our insurance experts today if you wish to learn more about the different policies and their purchase, renewal, and claim processes online.

Disclaimer / TnC

Your policy is subjected to terms and conditions & inclusions and exclusions mentioned in your policy wording. Please go through the documents carefully.

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