Vitamin D2 Vs Vitamin D3
- Author :
- TATA AIG Team
- Published on :
- 2 min read
Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, regulates bone development, promotes calcium absorption, and contributes to immune function in the body. It comprises a family of nutrients with similarities in chemical structure, containing multiple vitamins.
Particularly, vitamins D2 and D3 are the dominant types in your everyday diet. These serve to fulfil your body's vitamin D requirements. However, despite showing similarities in the chemical combination, they pose some distinct differences.
This article compares vitamin D2 vs D3, highlighting their differences.
What is Vitamin D2?
Ergocalciferol, commonly known as Vitamin D2, aids in calcium absorption within the body. It is used to cure hypophosphatemia, hypoparathyroidism, and rickets.
Individuals with a vitamin D allergy or elevated vitamin D or calcium levels should avoid consuming this nutrient. Furthermore, an excess of ergocalciferol or vitamin D2 can lead to severe or adverse deadly effects.
What is Vitamin D3?
Cholecalciferol, commonly known as Vitamin D3, is a supplement that boosts the body's calcium absorption. It is commonly prescribed for conditions like osteomalacia, vitamin D deficiency, and other associated disorders.
It is important to note that certain cholecalciferol or vitamin D3 supplements may contain components like peanuts, soybean oil, sugar, aspartame, or food pigments. Therefore, it is advisable to consult with a physician before using these supplements, especially if you have phenylketonuria, diabetes, or allergies.
Differences Between Vitamin D2 and Vitamin D3
The following table shows the differences between D2 and D3 vitamins.
|Used in the treatment for
|Hypophosphatemia, Rickets, and Hypoparathyroidism
|Vitamin D deficiency and hypoparathyroidism
|Made up of
|Wild mushrooms, fortified food items like milk products and cereal
|Animal origins like liver, fish oil, fatty fish, and egg yolks
|tablets, liquid solution, and oral capsules
|Oral capsules, sublingual liquid solution, liquid solution, and tablets
|Name of the brand
|Calciferol, Drisol, Calcidol
|Decara, Dialyvite D3 Max
Vitamin D2 Benefits
It is an essential nutrient in the building and maintenance of healthy bones.
It is used to help with low thyroid activity and to fix soft bones caused by not having enough vitamin D (rickets).
It also treats hypophosphatemia or low phosphate levels in the blood.
Vitamin D3 Benefits
It helps strengthen bones and muscles.
It facilitates immunity.
It helps fight inflammation and improves your mood.
It helps in improved heart functioning
Cholecalciferol vs. Ergocalciferol - Which Is better?
When choosing between vitamin D2 and D3, you should consider several factors.
Studies suggest that vitamin D3 may be slightly more potent than vitamin D2 and is more effective in maintaining elevated vitamin D levels in your bloodstream over time.
Vitamin D2 comes from plants, while vitamin D3 is derived from animals. This makes vitamin D2 a suitable choice for those who prefer plant-based products. T
he physician might advise vitamin D2 as a preferred option if you have chronic kidney disease.
Whether dealing with a pre-existing disease or facing unpredictable uncertainties, adopting a healthy lifestyle and eating habits is crucial. Whether through natural dietary choices or supplements, meeting your body's nutrient needs is vital.
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What are the differences between vitamin D and D3?
Vitamin D has two types: D2 and D3. D2 is derived from plants, and D3 is from animals and sunlight. D3 is stronger, often used in supplements, and made by your skin when exposed to sunlight.
What is the absorption pattern in cholecalciferol vs. ergocalciferol?
Research shows that the body absorbs and uses cholecalciferol more effectively than ergocalciferol.
Are there any side effects of vitamin D?
Yes, vitamin D has certain side effects, including shortness of breath, chest pain, and growth-related problems in kids.
How are vitamins D2 and D3 produced in the body?
Plants and sunlight-exposed mushrooms produce vitamin D2 and your skin produces vitamin D3 when it is exposed to the sun.
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