What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain in Females?

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 31/08/2023

Women who experience lower abdomen pain typically experience discomfort, stiffness, or cramping below the belly button. Lower abdominal pain in women can have a variety of possible reasons, from appendicitis to menstrual cramps, and the best course of action depends on a proper diagnosis.

Our digestive system is located in the abdomen, which is enclosed by the pelvic bone and diaphragm. The term "abdominal pain," which includes lower abdominal pain, is typically used to describe pain that originates from internal organs in the abdominal cavity. The stomach, colon, small intestine, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and pancreas are among those organs. The uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries are located in the pelvis, which is the lowest part of the abdomen in females.

Sometimes it can be difficult to determine if the discomfort is in the pelvis or the lower abdomen. Women may find lower abdomen pain alarming because they have the propensity to worry that it will affect their ability to conceive, but that is not always the case. Menstruation is one of the most frequent causes of severe lower abdominal pain in females.

In this blog, we will talk about the most usual and possible causes of lower abdominal pain in females. But before that, we must also tell you that treatment costs are on the rise in the country these days. Even the diagnosis of a very common ailment can burn a hole in your pockets. So, it is better to have a health insurance plan in place. There are several benefits of health insurance that can be enjoyed once you know that your valid medical insurance plan has the right kind of coverage.

Now, let’s get back to the central part of the blog; causes of lower abdominal pain in females.

What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain in Females?

Numerous organs are crammed close to one another in the lower abdomen area. Therefore, there may be a variety of causes for the pain in different parts of your abdomen. Here are a few of them:


Initially, appendix inflammation is frequently felt near the belly button. It might appear and disappear before slowly moving to the right side. So, it could be one of the causes of lower right abdominal pain in females. Over the course of 24 hours, it worsens and becomes more severe with movement. You might experience nausea, mildly loose stools, and a temperature. Don't wait at home if you think you have an inflamed appendix because surgery is frequently necessary to remove it.

Period Cramps

Dysmenorrhoea, the term for menstruation pain, is typically described as a crampy, low, central ache, however it can sometimes spread to the sides. Period discomfort can begin in the days before the onset of bleeding, but it often goes away after a few days of blood loss. A hot water bottle, over-the-counter pain relievers, and light exercise are all beneficial to treat period cramps in women.

Bladder Pain

Typically, bladder discomfort is a low central pain. Cramping and burning during urination or afterwards could be signs of an infection. You might need to use the restroom more frequently, notice blood in your urine, and experience fatigue and sickness if you have a urinary infection. This could be one of the causes of mild lower abdominal pain in females in the beginning. Drinking plenty of water should help your symptoms, but if they don't go away, you should visit your doctor for antibiotics. This region can also experience discomfort from bladder stones, which are more intense and sharper and makes it difficult to urinate.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Here, a fertilised egg tries to develop into a foetus in the fallopian tube after failing to reach the womb. Surgery is frequently needed to end the pregnancy because it cannot be carried to term. Ectopic pregnancy can endanger the mother's life and her ability to conceive in the future if left untreated. You should consult a doctor as soon as possible if you have low, one-sided stomach pain, missed your period, or suspect you might be pregnant. Ectopic pregnancy could also be one of the causes of lower left abdominal pain in females. Hence, a proper diagnosis is necessary to treat it at the earliest.


Sometimes located in the pelvis and other abdomen areas, the endometrium from the womb's lining hurts when it bleeds during menstruation. Although the ovary and fallopian tubes are frequent sites for endometriosis, this pain may be both central and generalised, making it frequently one-sided. Surgery, hormonal therapy, and painkillers are given during the treatment.

Ovarian Cysts

Usually, ovarian cysts don't hurt. Most of them will disappear on their own; discomfort is only caused when they rupture, twist, or get extremely large. Bloating, pain during sex or needing to urinate regularly could all occur. Thankfully, only a very small percentage of ovarian cysts are malignant, and these cases typically occur in menopausal women. However, if you suspect that you could have an ovarian cyst, you should visit your doctor.

UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections)

Our urinary system is typically built to combat external microbial diseases. However, occasionally these barriers may fail, allowing some infectious bacteria to enter your urine system. Your lower abdomen will hurt as this develops into an infection. These infections can occasionally be minor and disappear with plenty of fluid intake, especially water. However, it can also be serious and possibly impact your kidneys. Chronic pain on both sides of your lower abdomen is a symptom of a severe UTI.


Generalised abdominal discomfort can be a symptom of bowel infections, including viral and food poisoning infections. It can be a subtle aching, but before episodes of vomiting, diarrhoea, or both, it frequently intensifies and cramps up. The majority of gastroenteritis cases resolve in a few days, and since prevention of dehydration is the main goal of treatment, frequent consumption of small amounts of fluids is advised. See a doctor if you are worried that you are becoming dehydrated, if your symptoms are worsening, or if they have not subsided after a week.

In Conclusion

Generally, women frequently experience stomach pain. The main issue that needs to be investigated is what causes lower abdomen pain in females. A healthy diet and basic home treatments can address most of the problems. While some of the causes can be serious medical issues that demand prompt diagnosis and care. If you experience any of the following symptoms, consult your doctor as soon as possible rather than attempting to diagnose your pain yourself:

  • Extreme lower abdominal pain

  • Pain that becomes worse with time

  • High fever with pain

  • Your poop contains blood, either fresh or odorous and dark.

  • Suffering when one is pregnant or suspects one might be

  • Being unable to move about because of the pain

  • Vomiting on a regular basis, especially if there is blood in it

Finally, to make the diagnosis and treatment processes less financially complicated, we would advise you to buy health insurance online with Tata AIG. You can avail of the best insurance-related assistance at the most affordable premium rates with us. In case you wish to know more, get in touch with our insurance experts today.

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