What is Australia Famous For?

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 11/01/2024

Often also referred to as the “Land Down Under”, Australia is a captivating country that hosts the perfect blend of natural magnificence and urban prowess. It proudly carries the title of the largest continental country. Its distinct geographical features and fauna native to its lands are known to attract people from all over the world.

Claiming yet another distinct title of the second-driest continent in the world, the contrasting liveliness of the metropolitan giants that Australia is known for, is astonishing. Especially when one considers that 40% of the continent’s land is not really inhabitable.

This uninhabitable expanse is at the heart of the continent. It is also the driving force behind the fact that 80% of the nation's population lives within a tight 50 km radius of the coast.

But that is not where its distinct charm ends. With the unique English accents and aboriginal culture, there is much to discover and experience in this vast country. Let us find out more about the famous things in Australia!

Australia: A Geographical Wonder

Australia is known for its distinct geographical features as it is known to be one of the flattest and driest continents in the world. Although its land mostly resembles a desert, it conceals astonishing mineral wealth and diversity.

The coastal rim, a sharp contrast to its dry planes, is a fertile stretch, rich in topographical diversity. This wide variation in landforms influences climatic conditions, further adding to the haunting beauty of the country’s terrain. Here are some of the distinctive landscapes that this continent hosts:


Australia is easily the driest inhabited continent in the world. Almost 70% of its mainland classifies under arid or semi-arid conditions. Though the country has 10 deserts, the Great Victoria Desert, Great Sandy Desert and the Simpson Desert are some of the most famous places in Australia. These desserts vary in size but make up almost a fifth of the country’s land.

Interestingly, despite their harsh climatic conditions, Indigenous communities like the Spinifex People and the Martu People have inhabited these regions for centuries.

Lake Eyre’s basin, the lowest point in Australia, though known as one of the most arid parts of the continent, can transform into a pool of rich ecosystems when flooded with rainwater. Australia’s deserts harbour a vast diversity of flora and fauna that include endemic plants and animals and a large variety of lizard species.


Australia is home to a diverse range of rainforests, that range from the ancient Daintree rainforest to the temperate rainforests of Tasmania.

The Daintree Rainforest is one of the world’s oldest and largest rainforests, surpassing even the Amazon in size and age. It hosts a complex ecosystem and astoundingly unparalleled biodiversity.

Spreading its roots across 1,200 square kilometres in the far north of Queensland, the majestic forest is home to over 920 species of flora and over 130 species of reptiles also including the very elusive Cassowary that is indigenous to Australia.

The forest’s landscape is adorned with breathtaking mountains, beaches and waterfalls that are some of the most famous places in Australia, even for the natives.

Another mystic wilderness is the rainforest of Tasmania. Blessed with fragments of Gondwana, the forest hosts the largest tracks of a cool temperate rainforest in all of Australia. It is home to ancient myrtle trees and the legendary Huon pines that date back to 3000 years. The forest has characteristic velvety green mosses and lichen with flora that shows its evolution over the centuries.


With the country’s diverse geographical landscapes, it’s no surprise that it also flaunts a majestic snow-clad mountain range. The Snowy Mountains, locally known as the Snowies, are Australia’s highest mountain range, home to Mount Kosciuszko, the country’s highest peak at 2,228 m. But that isn't all. The country also has some magnificent peaks in its beautiful rainforests.

Another eye-catching range is the Glass House Mountains, a wonderful example of eastern Australia’s volcanic roots. The range is home to a diverse range of animals and plants including over 170 species of birds, koalas, echidnas and kangaroos. The range also holds significant cultural importance for the Aboriginal people.

The Blue Mountains are yet another unique range of mountains that get their name from the blue haze that is created by the dense eucalypt forests. Oil droplets from the trees react to the water vapour and sunlight produces a distinct blue colour.

The Outbacks

The Outbacks are an essential part of the Australian experience with its arid landscape home to an extensive range of wildlife native to the continent. The untouched central region of the outbacks is the perfect place for wildlife sightings, from the Australian Dingo to all the native poisonous snakes, the region has it all.

The infamous Ayers Rock in Uluru, a sandstone that was formed around 550 million years ago is another Australian attraction that brings visitors to the outbacks.

Although the outback is mostly a spread of an arid desert, it surprises with picturesque waterfalls and an oasis that are a refreshing break from the scorching heat.

The area also has significant roots of Aboriginal spiritual heritage spanning 60,000 years. Some of the key highlights are the spiritual monolith Uluru in the Northern Territory, the vibrant pink lakes of South Australia, the walls of China in New South Wales and the enchanting staircase to the moon in Western Australia.


It's very well known that beaches are a speciality of Australia. The country has a vast coastline that spans over 21,000 miles and offers a diversity of coastal wonders. From hidden alabaster sand enclaves to glistening golden shores, Australia has it all. It’s no less than a treasure trove for the beach enthusiasts.

A hauntingly mesmerising coast is undoubtedly the beach of Whitehaven on Whitsunday Island. The beach is a stretch of over four miles of pristine beauty with 98% pure silica sand that shines a crisp white and is a striking complement to its deep azure waters.

The western coast too is blessed with Turquoise Bay, with warm shallow waters nestled near the Ningaloo Reef. With its gentle waters and picturesque coast, it is the perfect place for paddleboarders.

Queensland’s Noosa Main Beach is an equally captivating coastline with its turquoise waters and golden shores. The beach is locally infamous for its postcard-worthy scenes.

Australia’s Enigmatic Wildlife

Thanks to the country’s diverse landscape and previous isolation that lasted for about 30 million years, it flaunts a distinct array of captivating fauna that has become a large part of its identity.

Australia is home to some very iconic species such as kangaroos, koalas, wombats, wallabies, dingos and even the platypus.

Thanks to its extensive costs and deep reefs that are brimming with vibrant coral habitation, it is home to more than 1000 species of fish and six of the seven turtle types in the world. Australia is also home to seasonal migrations and welcomes various whales, dolphins, manta rays and sharks every year.

The continent's terrain also unsurprisingly hosts a diverse range of fauna and flora. The country alone is the habitat of over 100 reptile species.

Kangaroos, an endemic species, thrive in the abundantly diverse landscapes of the country. With species like the red and eastern grey kangaroos in the arid regions and the small tree kangaroos thriving in the dense rainforests, the continent is a comfortable habitat for all.

Platypuses, yet another native Australian species, inhabit the freshwaters of the terrain. The Dingo, Australia’s wild dogs, have roots tracing back to 4000 years.

In essence, Australia’s wildlife is the living proof of years of evolution that is still thriving to this day.

Culture and Tradition in Australia

Australia’s culture is intertwined with the rich history that its land carries. Its isolation from the rest of the world engraved a profound influence on its indigenous people, particularly the Aboriginal community.

For over 40,000 years, the Aboriginal people developed a connection with their environment and created a distinct spiritual identity that was grounded in their principles of obeying the Dreaming’s law.

Dreamtime is still a fundamental concept of the Aboriginal culture to this day. Australia's cultural mosaic of Western influence is wonderfully complemented by its indigenous roots.

The Cities of Australia

Australia is known for its urbanised populace. With almost 90% of the population residing in its urban areas, it's the world's most urbanised country.

The iconic landmarks of Sydney, cultural hubs in Melbourne and the coastal allure of Perth are just a few things in Australia that attract visitors. Australia’s cities are a fascinating blend of lively metropolises and relaxed urban spaces. Each city has its own distinct charm with a mix of European and indigenous influences.

Australia’s largest city located on the country’s stunning east coast is a magnificent harbour that welcomes millions of visitors every year. From its early days, it served its purpose as an essential South Pacific port for trade engagements. Iconic landmarks like the Sydney Harbour Bridge and The Opera House contribute to the city’s captivating skyline.

Situated on the southeastern coast of the country, Melbourne is truly an example of grace. Its architectural splendour and beautiful parks are truly something for the eyes to behold.

Brisbane, on the other hand, is the hub of rail lines and highways, connecting the vast agricultural region. Thanks to its strategic location, it is the heart of trade and export while flaunting its mesmerising nature and environment. The city’s main international appeal is enhanced by the industrialisation that is nestled in the comforting presence of nature.

Lying along the Swan River, Perth too is quite the attraction. Being a major industrial centre with a large focus on heavy industries, it welcomes several visitors every year. The city’s growth was amplified by factors like the gold discovery, improved harbour facilities and the compilation of the transcontinental railway. It’s now a significant presence in the economy.

The Famous Landmarks of Australia

Australia is home to some of the world’s most iconic landmarks. They serve as eloquent narratives of the rich culture, natural grandeur and deep-rooted history of the land.

From the captivating architecture of the Sydney Opera House and its beautiful silhouette that Australia is known for, to the stunning wonders of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia’s landmarks are more than just geographical points, they are a proud embodiment of the country’s history and significance. The Sydney Harbour Bridge is also one of the most famous places in Australia.

The sweeping plains and mountains surrounding Uluru surprise visitors with stunning gorges and cannons. This sacred site of the Anangu people is more than 550 million years old, basking in its ancient glory and natural ardour.

Australia’s Culinary Delights

No trip is complete without food of course! From the scenic sunkissed valleys of Barossa to the bustling markets of Melbourne, Australia has a cuisine that takes its inspiration from its indigenous roots and European influences.

Australians love their meat pies. These are savoury treats with various fillings, usually with the classic version being made with ground meat, mushrooms, onions and potatoes.

Another type of famous food in Australia is Barramundi, a true cultural dish that is made with large river fish that is seared or served with veggies.

And if you’re one with a sweet tooth, definitely try a Lamington. It's a delicate sponge cake coated in chocolate and grated coconut. If that doesn't satisfy you, a Pavlova definitely will! It's a mouthwatering cake topped with fresh fruits and fluffy whipped cream. It's the true Australian essential.

In Essence

Australia is a true geographical marvel with iconic landmarks, significant history, deep-rooted culture and vibrant cities. It's a captivating place that caters to a wide range of interests be it wildlife, beaches or culture.

But before you take off to this amazing destination, take a minute and plan ahead for the unpredictability of travel. A comprehensive travel insurance plan is crucial for a smooth sailing vacation. A well-rounded travel insurance policy acts as a strong safety net for the coverage that may be required during unpredictable emergencies.

So when you consider travel insurance for your trip to Australia, make sure your policy contains essential elements like trip cancellation insurance and coverage for potential baggage loss at the airport.

Understanding the importance of a good travel insurance policy, Tata AIG provides tailor-made packages that are budget-friendly, so you can embark on your next adventure with optimal security.


What is the most famous area in Australia?

The Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef system is the most famous place in Australia.

What is Australia famous for?

Australia is known for its diverse and deadly wildlife that is unique to its continent.

What is the most popular food in Australia?

Although Australian cuisine has a variety of dishes, Australian barbecue is the most famous food in Australia.

What are the main traditions of Australia?

Though Australia majorly follows Western traditions and festivals like Christmas, Anzac Day and Naidoc Week are some of the most unique traditions of the country.

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