Thymus Cancer

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Thymus Cancer Insurance

The thing with cancer is that it may occur in places we do not even know exist. Take the thymus, for example. How many people out there know what the thymus is and what its function is? Not many. This is why it can be a huge shock to many when they hear they have thymus cancer. The first thing that will probably come to a person’s mind when they hear this is how they can have cancer in an organ they are unaware of. However, what is important is that this organ exists. It plays an important role in our body. And thymus cancer is a threat to any person.

Thus, the only thing a person can do is be prepared. With cancer, if you allow yourself to attack you unaware, with your defences down, getting back up gets very hard. However, you can stay prepared and fight back if you have thymus cancer insurance. When you buy health insurance coverage for thymus cancer, you are taking the reins of your life and well-being into your hands and not letting the disease take charge of you. You are holding the reins here.

And if you are hoping to buy thymus cancer insurance, you should get a health insurance policy with Tata AIG. Just like you are in charge of your thymus cancer when you buy mediclaim insurance, you are also in charge of your health insurance when you buy a policy with us. You can go through our many plans and buy the one you think suits you best. You can also customise your mediclaim insurance as per your requirements after using our health insurance premium calculator to ensure you make the right choice. So if you want health insurance coverage for thymus cancer, always choose Tata AIG.

So now, let us look into what thymus cancer is, what thymus cancer symptoms are, and what the disease entails.

What is Thymus Cancer?

Beneath the breastbone in the chest, there is an organ called the thymus gland. It is a component of your body's defence system's lymphatic vessels. The thymus gland produces lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell that aids in the body's ability to fight infection. Thymic carcinoma and thymoma represent the two main types of thymus cancer, both of which are extremely uncommon. When cancerous cells develop on the thymus' outer surface, cancer develops. Thymic carcinoma is extremely aggressive, more so than thymoma, and is also more challenging to treat. Type C thymoma is another name for thymic carcinoma. Thymoma patients may also have autoimmune conditions, including congenital pure red cell aplasia, myasthenia gravis, or rheumatoid arthritis.

Types of Thymus Cancer?

Thymus cancer comes in two forms: thymoma and thymic carcinoma. The thymus is a little organ in the top half of the chest. It is located above the heart and is placed on top of it. White blood cells that aid your body in battling illness are produced by it. Tumours grow on the thymus's exterior in various types of malignancy. Both types are uncommon. Thymoma is often a less dangerous condition than thymic cancer. Also, it's simpler to treat.

The thymoma tumour cells resemble the normal thymus cells very little. They often don't extend to other body parts, and they evolve slowly. People with thymoma have frequently developed pure red cell aplasia and autoimmune disorders like myasthenia gravis. Your system targets its healthy organs when you have these ailments, making patients with the disease very sick.

The tumour cells in thymic carcinoma do not resemble healthy thymus cells. They develop more rapidly. The disease has frequently progressed to other sites by the time it is discovered. This makes treatment more difficult. Thymoma or thymic cancer is found using thymus-focused investigations. Surgery is typically used to detect, diagnose, and manage thymoma and thymic carcinoma.

Neuroendocrine tumours of the thymus are a rare, severe kind of cancer that develops in the thymus. TNETs could be linked to other endocrine system-related diseases such as MEN1 syndrome and Cushing's syndrome. Since these tumours are uncommon, there isn't enough information to determine survival rates. However, recent studies suggest that these tumours can be managed similarly to NETs in other body regions.

Thymus Cancer Stages

Finding out whether cancer has migrated beyond the thymus to certain other bodily parts is done through staging. The results of testing and treatments are combined with surgical findings to define the disease's stage. To determine a course of treatment, it is critical to understand the stage.

  • Stage I

Cancer in stage I is restricted to the thymus. The sac that encloses the thymus is where all cancerous cells are located.

  • Stage II

Cancer in stage II has either penetrated the capsule and reached the thymus fat or the chest cavity wall.

  • Stage III

Stage III carcinoma refers to the disease spreading to neighbouring areas in the chest, such as the lungs, the membrane surrounding the heart, or significant blood arteries supplying the heart.

  • Stage IV

Depending on how far cancer has gone, stage IV is further broken down into stages IVA and IVB. Cancer at stage IVA has extensively metastasised to the heart and lungs. Cancer has reached the blood or lymphatic system in stage IVB.

Causes of Thymus Cancer

Why do some individuals acquire thymus cancer and others do not?

Researchers have discovered several DNA alterations in thymus cancerous cells more frequently than in healthy cells. DNA is the substance that makes up each of our cells' genes, which contains the rules that govern how those cells should behave. However, it is still unknown why, how, or even if these alterations occur in some individuals or how they may develop cancer.

Anything that increases your likelihood of contracting a disease like cancer is considered a risk factor. Risk factors for various malignancies vary. For instance, prolonged exposure to direct sunlight increases the risk of developing skin cancer. Smoking raises the risk of developing lung cancer, among other diseases.

However, risk factors do not provide all the information. Even if you have numerous risk factors or one recognised risk factor, you will not be guaranteed to develop the disease. It's also possible that many individuals contracting the disease had no identified risk factors. The thing with thymus cancer is that while there aren’t many recognisable causes of the disease, there are also very few risk factors.

The only recognised risk factors of the disease are age and ethnicity. Thymus cancer is most prevalent in older people above 70, even though it can be found in people of all ages. The disease is also found more in Asians and African-Americans than in people of other ethnic backgrounds.

Thymus Cancer Symptoms

Knowing the symptoms of a disease is very important because it is the first step to making a diagnosis. If a person cannot tell their physician what is wrong with them, making a diagnosis will take twice as long. Also, being unable to recognise a symptom could lead to not knowing when to seek help, and as we know, time is of the essence where cancer is concerned. This is why we will detail some of the most common thymus cancer symptoms a person may encounter in themselves or others.

  • Cough that persists for many days
  • Hoarseness in the voice
  • Pain in the chest
  • Trouble swallowing food
  • Dizziness
  • Malaise
  • Lightness in the head
  • Tiredness
  • Blurry vision
  • Swelling of the face and arms
  • Infections
  • Bruising
  • Anaemia

If you notice any of these thymus cancer symptoms you must go to a doctor at once to ensure that you get the treatment you require at the right time. If you ignore symptoms, it could lead to them getting more severe, and cancer can spread through your body to the point where treatment becomes very difficult.

Thymus Cancer Diagnosis

There are various ways in which a doctor may opt to diagnose your cancer. To begin with, they will always talk to you to understand your symptoms and any problems you may be facing. Apart from this also, there are various other routes your doctor may take to make a diagnosis.

The most common routes of diagnosis taken by doctors are given below.

  • Physical evaluations and medical histories

If thymus cancer is suspected, doctors frequently go back to medical records. As a result, you might be asked if there has ever been a history of this illness in your family. They may also inquire about your general state of health. Additionally, physical exams are very frequent in this regard. For instance, thymus cancer patients frequently have swelling in the neck region, which a physician can feel during a medical evaluation. If your complaints are connected to myasthenia gravis, hypogammaglobulinemia, or red cell aplasia, they may also suspect thymomas.

  • X-ray

If your doctor suspects you have thymus carcinoma in the centre of your chest, they may advise you to undergo this imaging test. During this test, a laser beam is passed through the body to produce images of certain organs and bodily parts. Thymomas can, on occasion, be small and go undetected in an X-ray scan. Doctors may prescribe CT scans in this circumstance.

  • CT scans

X-rays are used in CT scans to produce more precise cross-sectional scans of the body than those produced by standard x-rays. These scans produce distinct scans of your body's softer tissues and structures, making it simpler to spot even the tiniest thymomas. Doctors may also recommend a CT-guided biopsy when they presume metastases or tumours.

  • MRI

Comparable to CT scans, specialists use MRI scans to produce softer tissues and systems. But unlike CT scans, which employ x-rays, MRI scans use powerful magnetic and radio waves. Doctors usually recommend a CT scan for individuals who cannot get CT scans due to medical conditions, like sensitivity to IV contrast. Additionally, the images produced by MRI scans assist medical professionals in getting a better view of the chest and lymph nodes.

  • Mediastinoscopy

This test enables the physician to inspect the region of your mediastinum. You get anaesthesia, so you might have to remain overnight in the hospital. The surgeon makes a little skin cut at the bottom of your neck. They make a slit in your chest and insert a long, thin tube through it. The end of the tube features a camera. This displays a screen image of the area. Through the catheter, the doctor can collect tissue specimens from the thymus.

Thymus Cancer Treatment

People with thymoma and thymic cancer can choose from various treatments. Clinical trials are being conducted to test various treatments, some of which are standard (generally employed treatments). A clinical study for treatment is a scientific study designed to find out more about potential new treatments for cancer patients or to enhance existing treatments. A new treatment might replace the standard if clinical trials reveal that it is superior to the current one. Patients might consider participating in a clinical study. Only people who have not begun treatment are allowed to participate in certain clinical trials.

Some more common modes of treatment that your doctor may follow are given below.

  • Surgery- The most typical form of treatment for thymoma is the surgical removal of the tumour. Some patients could get radiation therapy following surgery to eradicate any cancerous cells that remained, even if the surgeon completely eliminates all visible cancer at the site of the procedure. Adjuvant treatments are used to reduce the likelihood that cancer may return following surgery.

  • Radiation- High-energy x-rays are used in radiation therapy to kill or stop cancer cells' growth. The form and stage of the disease being treated determine how the radiation is administered. Thymoma and thymic cancer are both treated with conventional radiation therapy.

  • Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy is a form of cancer treatment that employs medications to kill cancer cells or prevent them from proliferating in order to prevent the spread of cancer cells. Chemotherapy enters the bloodstream, whether administered orally or via injection into a muscle or vein, where it can penetrate cancerous cells everywhere in the body. Chemotherapy targets cancer cells in various regions when administered straight into an organ, the cerebrospinal fluid, or a bodily cavity like the abdomen. The nature and severity of the cancer being treated determine how the chemotherapy is administered.

  • Hormone Treatment- To inhibit the growth of cancer cells, hormone therapy either eliminates hormones from the body or limits their activity. The body's glands create hormones, chemicals that travel through the bloodstream. Some hormones may promote the growth of some tumours. If tests reveal that the cancerous cells have receptors—areas where hormones can attach—drugs, radiation, or surgery may be utilised to lower hormone production or prevent hormones from functioning.

Thymus Cancer Prevention

Researchers are still identifying risk factors for thymus cancer. Consult your healthcare provider if you think your health history could increase your risk of acquiring thymus cancer. Even if it seems like there isn't anything you can do to stop cancer from spreading, you still have some control. To prevent most diseases, try exercising, maintaining fit, eating well, and boosting your immunity. Furthermore, you can improve your odds of staying healthy by avoiding radiation and radioactivity, as well as by giving up alcohol and smoking. So, all you need to do to avoid various ailments is to strive to lead a healthy life and stay active.

Why Use Health Insurance?

In today’s times, the question of why you need to purchase mediclaim insurance becomes moot. Everyone knows that living without health insurance is a risk no one should take. If we have learned anything in the Covid years, it is that our health is fragile and cannot be taken for granted. A sure way to secure our health is by purchasing mediclaim insurance.

Some other reasons health insurance is a must are given below.

  • Range- If you are covered by mediclaim insurance, you are covered for a wide range of illnesses rather than just one, like thymus cancer. Regardless of your health, you can look out for yourself and receive the care you need.

  • Peace: Having health insurance gives you the confidence that you are ready to handle any medical crisis. Any health issue that might arise and take you off guard won't be a concern for you. You are prepared to handle whatever curveballs your body sends your way.

  • Emergencies: It is impossible to predict when a person's condition will worsen to the point where they require immediate medical care. A person may also require hospitalisation in certain circumstances. However, with mediclaim insurance, individuals can concentrate on giving the patient the finest care possible rather than focusing on finances.

  • Cashless Hospitalisation: Receiving cashless hospitalisation benefits is among the main benefits of possessing health insurance. When you receive cashless hospitalisation, you will no longer be concerned about settling hospital bills and awaiting reimbursement because the insurance carrier will take care of everything without you becoming involved.

How to Purchase Tata AIG’s Health Insurance

If you want to buy insurance from Tata AIG, you will be glad to learn that you can do so without any trouble. You can either buy our policy online or get it offline. We will talk about both methods so that it is easy for you to make a decision.

Online- If buying your insurance online, here is what you are required to do;

  • To purchase insurance, go to the Tata AIG website.
  • Decide whether you want to buy coverage for yourself, your kids, your husband or wife, or your parents.
  • Select your preference and then select Get Plan.
  • You will need to enter all your pertinent personal data, including your phone number, residence, income, etc.
  • A selection of options that might be the best option for you shall be displayed.
  • Next, pick the insurance coverage amount of your choice.
  • Find the perfect plan for you by reviewing the offerings.
  • Click "Buy Now" when you've decided what you want to do.
  • You will be called by the AIG team, who will ask whether you need any help.

If the details provided by you pan out, you will receive your insurance a few minutes after submission.

*Offline- If you prefer doing things physically, you can go to the AIG office and buy a plan. *

  • Find an AIG office close to you.
  • Go to the office as and when you can.
  • Go to the front desk and specify why you are in the office.
  • An insurance official will come to you to explain your options.
  • Once you decide on a plan, ask for the necessary papers for you to fill out.
  • Fill out the papers and attach the requisite documents.
  • Submit them at the right station.
  • Pay the necessary fees.

Your purchase process will end here, and you will receive your policy at home a few days after verification.

Required Documents to Buy Mediclaim Insurance from Tata AIG

The documents needed to buy insurance from Tata AIG include;

  • ID proof
  • Residence proof
  • Income proof
  • Age proof
  • Photographs
  • Details of your health history

Frequently Asked Question

Who can be part of a clinical trial for thymus cancer?

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Only individuals who have never received treatment are included in certain clinical trials. Others get to be part of trials if they have received conventional treatment and have not improved. Some clinical trials are also conducted to examine novel approaches to prevent cancer from returning or to lessen its negative effects, so only those who meet certain specific criteria and are willing to participate in an experiment can participate in these trials.

Can thymus cancer come back after being cured?

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Cancer that has returned following treatment is referred to as recurring thymoma and thymic cancer. The disease may return to the same organ or another part of the body. Thymic carcinomas frequently come back. Thymomas may come back after a length of time has passed. Receiving cancer treatment often amplifies the chances of cancer returning. This is among the premier reasons you need to be periodically monitored once you have cancer.

Will my health insurance cover surgery for thymus cancer?

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If you have the right insurance, your insurance provider will surely provide cover for thymus cancer surgery.

What happens if the doctor removes my thymus gland to treat my cancer?

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If your thymus gland has to be removed, you will have to live a life where you will be severely immunocompromised and face difficulty living a normal life.

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