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Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 06/02/2023

The Union Roads and Highways Authority recently launched a unique pilot project for hydrogen-based advanced fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), marking a major shift from fossil fuels to environmental protection.

As India is moving towards Automotive Technological advancement with each passing day, it is really hard to say, "what is next?

One thing is for sure with this phase of change; the one thing that every car owner shall need in their pocket is a trusted four-wheeler car insurance policy. A smart four-wheeler car insurance that shall cover your vehicle from the start. Various events, such as vehicle collisions and damage due to malfunctions during your travels, breakdown, natural and man-made disaster etc

As a result, it is always wise to invest in decent insurance with a reputable car insurance company in India.

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Now let's get into detail about our main topic, hydrogen fuel cars in India.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles Meaning

A Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle (HFCEV) are car powered by hydrogen. Only water vapour and warm air come out. It is more efficient than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles and does not produce tailpipe exhaust fumes.HFCEVs use a propulsion system similar to electric vehicles, where energy stored as hydrogen is converted to electricity by a fuel cell.

Because green hydrogen can be produced from renewable energy and abundant biomass, the adoption and deployment of technologies that unlock the potential of green hydrogen will play a major role in ensuring that there is clean and affordable energy in future of India.

Significance of Hydrogen Power cars

This is an important initiative to promote clean energy and environmental protection by reducing dependence on fossil fuels and making India 'energy self-sufficient' by 2047.

Hydrogen Fuel cell electric vehicles (HFCEVs) powered by hydrogen are one of the best zero-emission solutions. Completely eco-friendly as there are no tailpipe emissions other than water.

Why is Hydrogen Used for Hydrogen Fuel Electric Vehicles?</

  • When hydrogen is burned, one kilogram of hydrogen releases almost three times as much energy as one kilogram of gasoline and only produces water.
  • A hydrogen fuel cell, an electrochemical cell, can convert the chemical energy of hydrogen and oxygen into electricity and has only water as a waste product.
  • Fuel cells can continue to create or produce electricity as long as hydrogen and oxygen are supplied.

Upcoming Hydrogen cars in India

Almost every major automaker is preparing to launch a range of BEVs (battery electric vehicles) in the near to medium term, but hydrogen FCEVs. In addition, a few automakers are betting on the electric car) model. With dozens of new BEV launches on the horizon over the next five years, several significant hydrogen FCEV launches and trials are slated.

  • BMW iX5

The BMW iX5 used a hydrogen fuel cell electric drive jointly developed with Toyota. The vehicle's drive system uses fuel cells to convert hydrogen stored in its two 700-bar tanks made of carbon fibre-reinforced plastic into electricity. It delivers up to 125 kW (170 hp/168 hp) of electrical output. However, contrary to what some reports claim, this is not the most powerful fuel cell stack in the world (among passenger car models). The 128 kW (174 hp/172 hp) second-generation Toyota Mirai 330 cell fuel cell stack claims this title.

  • Ineos Grenadier hydrogen FCEV

Ineos Automotive formally declared in November 2020 that it has partnered with Hyundai Motor Company with JV to test a hydrogen fuel cell variant of the Ineos Grenadier. The announcement showed that Ineos Grenadier's prototype hydrogen FCEV would most likely receive the second-generation fuel cell stack from the South Korean automaker, which currently powers Hyundai Nexo.

  • 2023 Hyundai Nexo

Hyundai Motor Company announced its dedication to becoming a carbon-neutral brand by 2045. At the 2021 Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA 2021), announcing the new Hyundai Nexo will be a facelifted version of the original model on sale. Confirmed (via HMG Journal). March 2018. This model is expected to come in the second half of 2023 and will be more than just a visual refresh. Instead of Nexo's 2nd generation fuel cell stack before the facelift, the new Nexo will feature the company's all-new 3rd generation fuel cell stack, making it much more affordable.

  • Hyundai Staria Fuel Cell

The Hyundai Staria Fuel Cell made its first appearance in a teaser at the end of the Staria Digital World Premiere on April 13, 2021. The same announcement revealed that the Staria fuel cell will launch in the second half of 2023. After that, the MPV can get its 200kW version of the 3rd generation fuel cell stack, which is similar in size to the 2nd generation system but provides twice the power. Hyundai Motor Company claims to have developed its 200 kW version for commercial vehicle applications.

  • Kia FK/Hyundai FK

The Hyundai Motor Group revealed a new hydrogen FCEV concept called Vision FK at the Hydrogen Wave Forum. The company hasn't revealed the brand, but it's not the Genesis model. Instead, it's likely a Kia FK (Kia Vision FK) because it looks like an evolved version of the Stinger.

  • Land Rover Defender Fuel Cell Vehicle

Jaguar Land Rover is planning to launch the Land Rover Defender hydrogen FCEV. The British carmaker has confirmed it is developing a prototype for feasibility studies. A completely battery-powered electric variant of the Defender is reportedly developing, but an electric variant with a hydrogen fuel cell could complete it.


The government is taking major steps to move towards cleaner and affordable energy. Steps are being taken, such as.

  • The central government is also considering using 2000 megawatts of solar and wind power capacity to produce hydrogen.
  • Hydrogen auctions are being held to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as the industry is expected to use the technology to store electricity and even power cars.
  • Companies such as fertilisers and oil refiners should source 10% of their hydrogen needs from domestic green hydrogen sources.
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