Without Helmet Fine in Bihar

  • Author :
  • TATA AIG Team
  • Published on :
  • 28/02/2024

Bihar is a state in the eastern part of India and was considered the centre of political and cultural prowess in ancient times. It is the fourth most populated state, with 127.4 million people. A large population means more vehicles on the road, leading to increased traffic.

One of the ways to reduce road accidents is through traffic rule enforcement. The Department of Transport, Government of Bihar is the regulatory authority which looks after the implementation of traffic laws in Bihar, including helmet rules in Bihar.

If you want to know in detail about driving without helmet fines, helmet rules, challan payments, etc., read this article till the end.

What is Without Helmet Fine in Bihar?

  • A without helmet fine is levied on individuals riding a bike without a helmet by the Department of Transport, Bihar. The without helmet fine is a challan issued against an individual who violates the helmet rule as mentioned in Section 129 of the Motor Vehicle Act 1988.

  • As per the Act, every person above four years of age is compulsorily required to wear a protective headgear whether he is driving or being carried on a two-wheeler. The pillion rider is also compulsorily required to wear a helmet as per the double helmet rule in Bihar.

  • Additionally, Section 194D of the Act states that those who do not adhere to the helmet rules are liable to be punished with a fine of ₹1000, and their licence must be disqualified for three months.

  • Before the amendment to the Motor Vehicle Act in 2019, the without helmet challan was ₹100, which was insufficient to penalise the violators. Hence, the amount was increased.

  • One must always wear a helmet while riding a two-wheeler for safety reasons and not just to avoid penalties.

What Happens if You Are Caught Driving Without a Helmet in Bihar?

Helmet rules in India are levied to ensure that motorists are safe and secure from fatal injuries in case of road accidents. However, many motorists do not take the rule seriously and are found riding without helmets. If you are found riding without a helmet in Bihar, the following things take place.

  • The traffic police officer may ask you to stop the bike and show documents like the driver’s licence, vehicle registration documents, PUC certificate, motor insurance, etc.

  • In case you do not possess all the documents, you will be penalised for the same.

  • Additionally, the officer will also issue a driving without helmet fine.

  • If you receive a physical copy of the challan you must pay the fine on the spot to the traffic police. However, if the officer issues an e-challan, you will receive it on your mobile number and you can pay it online or offline at your convenience.

  • According to the Motor Vehicle Act, a pillion rider must also wear a helmet. In case he is not wearing a helmet, the traffic police shall issue a pillion rider helmet fine, which must be duly paid.

How to Pay the Driving Without Helmet Fine in Bihar Online?

Through Bihar State Government Website

  • Go to the State Government’s website.

  • Scroll down on the page and find the ‘online services’ option.

  • Click ‘challan details’

  • The next page will be the State Parivahan website, where you can add the challan details, vehicle number, or DL.

  • Input the captcha correctly.

  • On the next screen, you will find a list of pending challans.

  • Click on the challans you want to pay and make an online payment.

  • You will receive a transaction ID after successful payment.

Through State Parivahan Website

  • Go to the State Parivahan official website.

  • Under the challan details section, you can enter the vehicle number, challan number, or your DL number.

  • Enter the captcha correctly and press ‘get details.’

  • You will see a list of challan on the screen.

  • Choose the challan for which you want to make the payment.

  • Make online payments from the options provided.

  • You will get a confirmation with a transaction ID to confirm the payment.

Paying Without Helmet Challan in Bihar Offline

  • You can also pay fine offline in Bihar in the following ways:

  • At a police station near you

  • To a traffic police officer

At a Police Station Near You

  • Locate a police station headquarters near you.

  • Carry the e-challan copy, driver’s licence, vehicle registration certificate, etc.

  • You can enquire with the officer about the process for challan payment.

  • Provide him with the details and make payment either in cash or online as required.

  • Make sure to collect a payment receipt for future reference.

To a Police Officer

  • Look for a traffic police officer with a challan machine on the road.

  • Provide him with the challan number and other details.

  • You can pay using your debit/credit card online.

  • Collect the receipt and keep it for future reference.

Helmet Rules in Bihar

Bihar follows the double helmet rule as per the Motor Vehicles Act 1988. As per the rule, both the rider and pillion must wear helmets on a two-wheeler. If any one of them is found not wearing a helmet a without helmet challan will be issued.

  • Wearing a helmet on a two-wheeler is compulsory as per Section 129 of the Motor Vehicles Act 1988. This rule is applicable to all the States in India to ensure the safety of motorists during a mishap.

  • After the amendment of the Act in 2019, the driving without helmet fine was revised from ₹100 to ₹1000 to penalise the violators heavily. Wearing any helmet does not guarantee safety in case of an accident. Hence, Section 129 (a) of the Act also states the type and specification of helmets.

  • Further, Section 129 (b) instructs that the helmet must be fastened securely for maximum protection, and it must not fall off the head.

  • Here is a guide to the right kind of helmet as per the Motor Vehicles Act.

What is the Right Type of Helmet to Wear?

  • As per the Motor Vehicles Act 1988, helmets must be worn by all riders for their safety. Section 138 (4) (f) lays down the guidelines that helmet manufacturers must follow to ensure that the helmet protects the rider under all circumstances. The specifications mentioned by the Act are as follows:

  • The helmet must be made with good materials and must have a specific shape that can safeguard the motorist from fatal injuries during an accident.

  • One must fasten the helmet with a secured strap to cover the head and it must not fall off from the head.

  • The ideal weight of a good helmet must be 1.2 kg. The previous weight, as per the Act, was 1.5 kg, which has now been revised.

  • All helmets must have a thickness of 20-25 mm and be made with high-quality foam.

  • The area covering the rider’s eye must be made of transparent material so that the view is not obstructed.

  • Only helmets with ISI marks are accepted as the permitted ones. Those who sell helmets without ISI marks will be deemed to be committing legal violations.

  • All helmets are required to mandatorily undergo BSI testing to determine their ability to absorb impact under various weather conditions and speeds.

  • Helmets of any other specifications are not acceptable and will be seized. The manufacturer of such a helmet will be held responsible.

How to Avoid Getting Driving Without Helmet Fine in Bihar?

In India, driving without a helmet is a punishable act under the Motor Vehicles Act 1988. Wearing the wrong helmet or half helmet is also not acceptable as it does not provide complete safety to motorists. Helmets are not only compulsory for avoiding fines and challans but primarily to protect one from fatal head injuries in case of an accident.

  • You can follow the below-mentioned tips to avoid getting a without helmet fine in Bihar.

  • Wear a helmet at all times while riding a bike to ensure safety.

  • Before you buy a helmet, make sure it has an ISI mark and meets the quality standards as per the rules.

  • Purchase helmets that have a thickness of 20-25 mm.

  • Always have an extra helmet on the bike for a pillion rider.

  • Wear a helmet that is appropriate for your head size. Wearing the wrong size can increase the risk of injury.

  • Replace old and damaged helmets with new ones.

  • Always store your helmet with a lock on the bike so you remember to wear it.

Secure Your Two-Wheeler with a Bike Insurance Policy

Every motorist must compulsorily have a third-party two-wheeler insurance policy as it is a mandatory requirement by the law.

However, it is advisable to opt for comprehensive short-term or long-term two-wheeler insurance for well-rounded coverage. Tata AIG comprehensive two-wheeler insurance online offers coverage for own-damage, third-party liabilities and personal accident cover for the owner-driver. Additionally, we offer a range of add-ons to ensure targeted coverage over and above the base policy.

Get in touch today to know more.


Wearing a helmet is not just a way to avoid an owner-driver and pillion rider helmet fine. The greater purpose behind the rule of wearing a helmet is to safeguard you from fatal injuries during an accident.

You must wear a helmet as specified in the Motor Vehicle Act so you can be safe at all times on the road. In case you are caught not wearing a helmet in Bihar, you can choose the methods mentioned on this page to pay the fine and clear your records.


Is a half helmet allowed in Bihar?

No, as per the Motor Vehicle Act, a half helmet is not among the specified category of helmet as it does not meet the safety requirements. Hence, it is not allowed to be worn while riding.

What is the maximum time for paying a challan in Bihar?

One must pay the e-challan within 60 days from the date of issue. If the challan is not paid during this period, one may have to face further legal consequences like appearing before a court.

What documents are needed when driving?

You must possess a valid driver’s licence, PUC certificate, vehicle registration certificate, insurance certificate, etc.

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