Freight Insurance

NotificationImgTo buy marine open policy

Freight Insurance

Freight insurance is like a safety net for your goods when they're on the move. Imagine your cargo travelling by land, sea, or air—there's always a chance of unexpected events. That's where freight insurance steps in. It's like a protective shield that covers your goods in case of accidents, theft, or damage during transit.

Think of it as a safety blanket for your valuable shipments. Whether you're a business owner sending products to customers or an individual relocating belongings across borders, freight insurance ensures you're not left empty-handed in case of unforeseen mishaps.

Understanding the freight insurance meaning and its intricacies is essential for anyone engaged in the movement of goods, as it plays a pivotal role in mitigating financial risks associated with shipping and transportation.

Why Do You Need Freight Insurance?

Freight insurance is incredibly important for several clear reasons:

Protection from Risks: Shipping involves various dangers like accidents, theft, and unexpected events. Without proper coverage, businesses and individuals could face serious financial losses.

Covering the Full Value: Basic carrier liability might not fully protect the value of goods in transit. Freight insurance fills this gap, making sure that the entire cargo value is safeguarded.

International Safety Net: International shipping has many points where risks can arise, from loading to customs. Freight insurance acts as a complete safety net, guarding against these different threats.

Building Trust: Having freight insurance shows clients and partners that their goods are secure, which builds confidence and reliability in business relationships.

Proactive Protection: Investing in freight insurance is a proactive step that shields against potential financial troubles. It also strengthens trust in business and boosts the overall resilience of the supply chain.

Things to Consider When Buying Freight Insurance

When getting freight insurance in India, there are important factors to think about:

Value of Goods: If your goods are valuable, the insurance cost will be higher.

Type of Goods: Certain items like electronics, medicines, and delicate things are riskier to transport and may have higher insurance costs.

Transportation Method: How you ship your goods matters. Shipping by sea is usually riskier than by air.

Route: The path your goods take can affect the cost. Shipping through risky areas (like those prone to piracy or political issues) will cost more to insure.

Coverage Options: There are different levels of coverage. All-risk covers the most but is pricier. Others, like named perils, cost less but give less protection.

Deductible: This is what you pay before the insurance starts covering a claim. Lower deductibles mean higher premiums.

Exclusions: Read the policy carefully to know what's not covered. Common exclusions include losses from war, terrorism, and natural disasters.

Claims Process: Ask about how the company handles claims and how long it takes to settle them.

Customer Service: Pick an insurance company known for good customer service so you can get help easily if you need it.

What Does Freight Insurance Cover?

As mentioned earlier, robust freight insurance coverage acts like a safety guard for a freight forwarder in case something goes wrong with a customer's goods during transit due to the forwarder's mistake. The cost of this insurance depends on how heavy the products are, not what they are. Remember that even if a claim is approved, there are limits to how much you can get back.

The rules about a forwarder's responsibility vary depending on how the goods are being transported. This shows why it's crucial to really understand and invest in freight insurance. It helps protect against financial risks in the complicated world of shipping and logistics.

What is the Difference Between Freight Insurance and Freight Liability?

Freight insurance and cargo liability insurance are two ways to keep your goods safe while they're being moved. Freight insurance is like a special plan you buy to protect your goods from getting lost, damaged, or stolen during transportation. Usually, the shipper buys it, but sometimes the receiver does. It can cover things like physical damage, loss, theft, spoilage, and even delays.

Freight liability comes into the picture when the goods carrier takes responsibility for compensating the shipper if anything happens to the goods while they are in their care. But there is also a limit to how much they will pay per kilogram of freight.

Here's the main difference: freight insurance looks out for the shipper, while freight liability protects the carrier. Also, the shipper buys freight insurance, but the carrier's insurance covers freight liability. So, freight insurance is an extra cost for the shipper, while freight liability is already included in the shipping rate.

In simple terms, freight insurance usually covers more risks than freight liability. For instance, it might cover things like natural disasters, which freight liability might not.

When Should You Buy Freight Insurance?

You should think about getting freight insurance if:

  • The value of your goods is more than what the carrier's coverage includes.

  • You are shipping products that are deemed dangerous, such as medications, electronics, or fragile objects.

  • You are shipping goods to a region where political unrest or piracy is a serious risk.

  • You are concerned about the possibility of suffering loss or harm from earthquakes, floods, or storms.

  • You want the assurance that your items are safeguarded in the event of an unforeseen circumstance.

Even if your goods are not worth more than the carrier's coverage, getting freight insurance might still be a good idea if you are concerned about potential loss or damage.

For example, if you are sending a fragile item, you might want insurance even if the carrier's coverage is enough for its value.

Here are some specific times when getting freight insurance could be a smart move:

  • Sending an expensive computer server to a customer in China.

  • Shipping a batch of medicines to a hospital in Africa.

  • Mailing a delicate vase to a friend in Europe.

  • Sending goods to a warehouse in a flood-prone area in Florida.

  • Shipping a container of goods by sea during hurricane season.

Tips to Choose a Freight Insurance Policy

Here is how you can go about getting the right freight insurance by comparing freight insurance companies in India:

Know Your Needs: First, think about what kind of things you are shipping and what could go wrong. How valuable are they? This helps you figure out what kind of insurance you need.

Compare Policies: Look at what different insurance companies offer. Find a policy that covers the risks you're most worried about and has a fair price. Read the details carefully to know exactly what's included.

Keep Your Expenses in Check: Depending on what you're shipping and how valuable it is, insurance costs may vary. Look for a policy that will provide you with the necessary coverage without breaking the bank.

Go For a Trusted Insurer: Always look for a company with a good claim settlement ratio and overall good reputation. Look for one that's licensed and well-regarded. For example, Tata AIG is a trusted choice, ensuring your money is in safe hands!


Freight insurance is an excellent solution to protect your goods in transit from unprecedented risks and ensure full coverage and protection in times of need.

Opting for the right freight insurance policy is critical. Tata AIG offers freight insurance with comprehensive coverage, safeguarding shipments from unforeseen perils and offering invaluable peace of mind to both shippers and consignees.

So, before choosing a freight insurance policy, make sure you analyse your needs, compare policies from different insurance providers, and opt for a trusted and reputed insurer that efficiently meets all your needs.

Disclaimer / TnC

Your policy is subjected to terms and conditions & inclusions and exclusions mentioned in your policy wording. Please go through the documents carefully.

Related Articles

What do you mean by freight insurance?

What do you mean by freight insurance?


Freight insurance, sometimes called cargo or shipping insurance, is like a safety net for goods while they're on the move. It helps cover the costs if something goes wrong, like if the goods get lost, damaged, or stolen during transportation.

This kind of insurance plan is really crucial in the shipping and logistics industry. It ensures both the seller (shipper) and the buyer (consignee) are financially protected if something unexpected happens while the goods are being moved from one place to another.

What are the benefits of freight insurance services?


The benefits of freight insurance include:

Financial Protection: It provides coverage for the value of the goods being transported, ensuring that any losses or damages incurred during transit are compensated.

Risk Management: It helps to mitigate the financial risks associated with shipping goods over long distances or through potentially hazardous environments.

Peace of Mind: Both shippers and consignees can have confidence that their investment is protected, even if unexpected events occur during transit.

Legal Compliance: In some cases, freight insurance may be a contractual requirement or a legal obligation, especially for international shipments.

Freight insurance vs. cargo insurance: What is the difference?


While the terms are often used interchangeably, there can be a slight difference in context:

Cargo Insurance: This specifically refers to insurance coverage for the goods or merchandise being transported. It focuses on protecting the actual products or commodities during transit.

Freight Insurance: This term may encompass a broader scope, including the cargo and the cost of shipping or freight charges associated with the transportation.

In practice, these terms' distinctions can vary depending on regional or industry-specific conventions.

Who is responsible for freight insurance?


The responsibility for obtaining and paying for freight insurance typically depends on the terms negotiated between the buyer (consignee) and the seller (shipper) as part of the sales agreement or contract.

FOB (Free On Board) Terms: If the agreement is based on FOB terms, the responsibility for freight insurance usually shifts from the seller to the buyer at a specific point in the shipping process (often when the goods are loaded onto the vessel or transport).

CIF (Cost, Insurance, Freight) Terms: In a CIF arrangement, the seller is responsible for purchasing insurance for the buyer's benefit and covering the cost of goods and freight charges.

It's crucial for both parties to clearly define and agree upon the terms of freight insurance in their contract to avoid any misunderstandings or disputes in case of loss or damage during transit.