Spain Citizenship for Indians

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Spain Citizenship for Indians

According to the 2018 report from the Ministry of External Affairs, Spain is home to 69,988 (70 thousand) Indian residents, categorised into 20,904 Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) and 49,084 Non-Resident Indians (NRIs).

For Indians, the allure of Spanish citizenship goes beyond sangria and beaches. The land of Gaudi and Goya offers robust social security, cultural vibrancy, and easy access to Europe.

But how does an Indian navigate the path to becoming a Spanish citizen? This article unravels the intricacies of acquiring Spanish citizenship for Indians, outlining the key requirements, residency options, and potential dos and don’ts.

Spanish PR Vs Spain Citizenship For Indian Citizens — What’s the Difference?

Spanish permanent residency (PR) and Spanish citizenship offer the opportunity to live and work in Spain, but the two have some key differences.

A Spanish PR is a legal status that allows you to live and work in Spain indefinitely, but you are not a Spanish citizen. Typically, you must have lived legally in Spain for at least 10 years (although there are some exceptions, such as for investors and highly skilled workers).

Certain benefits of Spanish PR are that you can live and work in Spain indefinitely, travel freely within the Schengen zone, and access public healthcare and education. Also, you can own property in Spain.

However, there are some drawbacks of PR. You cannot vote or hold public office in Spain, you may need to renew your residency permit periodically, and you cannot pass on Spanish citizenship to your children automatically.

On the other hand, Spanish citizenship is the legal status of being a Spanish citizen, giving you all the rights and privileges of a Spanish national. You must have lived legally in Spain for at least 10 years to get citizenship.

Also, you will get all the benefits of permanent residency, plus you can vote and hold public office in Spain, pass on Spanish citizenship to your children automatically, and freely live and work in any EU country.

Also Read: Spain Visa for Indians

Spain Citizenship Requirements — Eligibility Criteria for Spanish Citizenship for Indians

To move to Spain from India, you must meet certain requirements and provide specific documents.

Here's a list of what you will need for a short-stay visa:

Schengen Visa Application Form: Complete the form as required.

Recent Passport-Sized Photograph: Taken within the last six months, sized 35-45 millimetres, and on a white background.

For Minors:

Include a notarised letter of authorisation signed by parents.

If a parent is absent during the application, provide their signature proof and a notarised copy of their passport/PAN card/driving licence.


Ensure your passport has a minimum of two blank pages.

It should be valid for at least three months beyond your intended stay.

State any reasons for visa refusal in the last two to three years.

Proof of Family Relationship: If applicable, provide documents like marriage certificates, legal partnership papers, or birth certificates issued by the Spanish Civil Registry.

Dependency Proof: If children or parents are above 21, show proof of any dependencies such as health problems, economic issues, or disabilities.

Proof of Legal Residence in India: Required if the applicant is not an Indian national.

Proof of Funds: Show financial capability by presenting at least €573 (₹49,114) in your bank account for trips up to 10 days or €70.77 (₹6,066) per day for longer stays.

Ways to Apply for Citizenship in Spain for Indian Citizens

Acquiring Spanish citizenship is a process that involves demonstrating financial stability, adherence to the law, successful integration into Spanish life, and a meaningful contribution to Spanish society.

It's important to note that obtaining Spanish citizenship may also necessitate renouncing your original nationality, as Spain generally permits dual citizenship only for individuals from former Spanish colonies and France.

This restriction often leads individuals to opt for permanent residency.

Alternatively, there are expedited routes to becoming a Spanish citizen, each with its own criteria:

By Origin (Right of Blood): Claim Spanish nationality through a Spanish-born parent or a parent or adopted guardian who is a Spanish citizen.

By Descent: Citizens of former Spanish colonies and descendants of Sephardic Jews can apply for citizenship after residing in Spain for 2 years.

Spain Citizenship By Investment: In 2013, Spain introduced its golden visa initiative, enabling individuals to obtain family residency by making a €500,000 investment in real estate. The Spanish investor visa is eligible for renewal every two years, with the possibility of obtaining permanent residency after five years and citizenship after ten years.

Spain Citizenship By Marriage: If you marry a Spanish citizen and live together in Spain for at least 1 year (full-time, on a valid visa or permit), you can apply for citizenship as a spouse.

By Guardianship: Individuals under the guardianship of a Spanish institution for a minimum of 2 years and living in Spain for at least 1 year can apply for citizenship.

While less common, there are additional paths to Spanish citizenship, such as being granted refugee status by the Spanish government.

Even in this case, you must reside in the country and comply with all relevant legal conditions for a continuous period of 5 years before becoming eligible for full citizenship.

Step-by-step Spain Citizenship Process

Various avenues exist for obtaining Spanish citizenship, each with its own set of requirements and procedures. Let's delve into the details of three primary methods:

Applying Through Marriage:

Residency Requirement: Live in Spain with your Spanish spouse for at least one year from the date your residence permit was granted.

Documentation: Provide identity documents, including full passports and birth certificates, for you and your spouse. Furnish your marriage/civil registry certificate and proof of registration at the local town hall.

Examinations: Pass the CCSE (Constitutional and Sociocultural Aspects of Spain) and DELE (Diploma of Spanish) exams.

Application Process: After meeting the residency requirement, submit your application online with the necessary documents, including translated copies.


Eligibility: You can apply for naturalisation after ten years of Spanish residency with no criminal record. Exceptions exist for refugees (five years), nationals from Ibero-American countries, Spanish territories, and Sephardic Jews (two years).

Examinations: Pass the DELE and CCSE tests to demonstrate proficiency in the Spanish language and knowledge of general culture.

Application Process: Complete an online application through SEDE electronica or in person at the Spanish Civil Registry. Submit all required documentation, including fully certified and translated copies.


Eligibility: Obtain Spanish citizenship through descent if you can prove various scenarios, such as having a Spanish parent, foreign parents with at least one being Spanish, both foreign parents born in Spain, adoption by Spanish nationals before turning 18, or having Spanish grandparents.

Documentation: Provide proof of your connection to Spanish relatives or adoption by Spanish citizens.

Possession of Status

Eligibility: Obtain Spanish citizenship if you have been using or possessing Spanish nationality for ten years, unknowingly not being a Spanish national, and acting in good faith.

Continuation: If you have been using Spanish nationality in good faith, you may continue to do so.

Application Process for All Citizenship Types

Here's a Step-by-Step guide to help you through the Application Process:

Step 1: Visit the Official Spanish Immigration Website

Navigate to the official website of Spanish immigration. Once there, you have the option to choose between the online procedure or download Form 790 if you prefer to complete the process offline.

Step 2: Complete the Online Application Form

If you opt for the online procedure, fill in the application form with accurate details. The form comprises multiple sections that require careful completion.

Step 3: Upload Required Documents

For the online application, upload all necessary documents as specified. If you're using the offline form, gather all the required documents to submit with your application.

Step 4: Submit the Application Form

If you are using the online form, submit it electronically. Submit the completed form along with the required documents and application fees to the Civil Registry for the offline form.

Step 5: Await a Decision from the Authorities

Once submitted, patiently wait for the authorities to review your application. If approved, you will need to complete your oath of allegiance in the Civil Registry within six months.

Documents Required for Immigration to Spain from India

To fulfil the requirements for obtaining Spanish citizenship as an Indian, it is essential to meticulously compile and submit a comprehensive set of documents along with the application form.

The necessary documents include:

Certificates Demonstrating A2 and CCSE Exam Proficiency: Provide certificates attesting that you have successfully passed the A2 language proficiency and CCSE (Constitutional and Sociocultural Aspects of Spain) exams.

Transaction Receipt for Application Fee Payment: Include proof of payment for the application fee, ensuring the transaction receipt is in order.

Passport: Submit a copy of your passport, validating your identity and nationality.

NIE Number: Furnish your NIE (Número de Identificación de Extranjero) number, a crucial identification code for foreigners in Spain.

Resident Register (Empadronamiento): Present the empadronamiento, a certificate confirming your residence registration in Spain.

Evidence of Your History of Stay in the Original Country: Provide documentation substantiating your historical residence in your original country.

Document Demonstrating Financial Stability: Include a document verifying your financial stability, attesting to your ability to support yourself.

Employment Verification: Submit proof of employment showcasing your professional status and contribution to the workforce.

Marriage Certificate (If Applicable): If married, include a marriage certificate as part of the application documentation.

Benefits of Having Spanish Nationality

Spanish nationality comes with a wealth of benefits, encompassing various aspects of life, from freedom of movement and employment opportunities to cultural immersion and a sense of belonging.

Here's a closer look at some of the key advantages:

EU Citizenship: As a Spanish citizen, you automatically become a citizen of the European Union. This grants you the right to live, work, and study freely in any of the 27 EU member states. No visas, permits, or additional paperwork are required!

Work Anywhere in the EU: With your Spanish passport, you can pursue job opportunities across the European Union without restrictions. This opens doors to a wider range of career paths and potentially higher salaries compared to your home country.

Invest in Spanish Property: Owning property in Spain can be a wise investment, offering potential for rental income, capital appreciation, and a vacation home in a beautiful country. Spanish citizenship makes the process of buying and owning property much smoother and more secure.

Embrace Spanish Culture: Living in Spain allows you to immerse yourself in the rich and vibrant Spanish culture fully. From flamenco dancing and tapas tasting to historical landmarks and local festivals, there's always something new to discover and experience.

Education Opportunities: Spanish citizens have access to free public education at all levels, including universities. This can be a significant advantage for families with children looking for affordable and berkualitas education options.

Access to High-Quality Healthcare: Spain boasts a universal healthcare system that provides excellent medical care to all citizens. This gives you peace of mind, knowing you'll have access to quality healthcare whenever you need it.

Start a Business in Spain: As a Spanish citizen, you have the right to establish and run your own business in Spain. This can be a great way to become your own boss, contribute to the local economy, and build a fulfilling career.

Spanish Citizenship Fees and Processing Time

2-3 years is the typical wait time for processing a Spanish citizenship application. However, it can be shorter or longer depending on several factors. 3. The costs and time frame associated with obtaining Spanish citizenship can vary depending on your specific circumstances and chosen path.

The Spanish government imposes a non-refundable application fee, regardless of whether your application is accepted or declined. The fee varies between €60.51 and €100.84, and applicants are required to include it when submitting their application forms.

Spanish Embassy/Consulate in India

** Embassy of Spain, New Delhi**

Name Embassy of Spain in India
Address 12, Prithviraj Road, New Delhi, 110011
Phone (+91) 11 4129 3000
Working Hours 09:00 - 13:00 (Monday - Friday)

**Consulate of Spain, Mumbai **

Name Consulate General of Spain, Mumbai
Address Express Towers, 3rd floor, Barrister Rajni Patel Marg -Nariman Point, Mumbai, 400021​
Phone (+91) 22 2288 0213 / 19
Email (Spanish citizens assistance) (Visa requests)
Working Hours 09:00 - 14:00 (Monday - Friday)

Indian Embassy/Consulate in Spain

Name Embassy of India Avenida Pio XII, 30-32 28016 Madrid
Address Near the crossing of Avenida Pío XII & Calle de los Caídos de la División Azul
Phone +34 917693741
Fax +34 913451900
Working Hours 9:00 - 13:00 (Monday to Friday)

How to Check Spanish Citizenship Application Status

After you have submitted your application, the Spanish government has a full year to provide a legal response. Throughout this period, your file will undergo various stages or statuses. You can track the progress through the "cómo va lo mío" platform.

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Applying for Spanish Citizenship from India

Embarking on the journey to secure Spanish citizenship from India is undoubtedly a significant step that requires meticulous attention to detail to ensure a smooth process.

Understanding the common pitfalls and avoiding these mistakes can substantially enhance your chances of a successful application.

Language Proficiency: A fundamental error to steer clear of is underestimating the importance of language proficiency. Spanish authorities require applicants to pass the A2 language proficiency exam, demonstrating basic communication skills. Neglecting to prepare adequately for this exam can hinder your progress. Equally crucial is the CCSE exam, examining your knowledge of Spain's constitutional and sociocultural aspects.

Application Errors: Submitting an incomplete application is another common mistake that can lead to unnecessary delays or even rejection. Ensure all required documents, such as proof of financial stability, employment verification, and the correct payment of the application fee, are meticulously compiled and submitted.

Lack of Professional Guidance: Official information is crucial, but consulting an experienced immigration lawyer can provide personalised advice and avoid missteps. If unsure about any part of the process, seek professional guidance to avoid compromising your application.

Financial Instability: Following the submission of your application, the Spanish Migration officials conduct an inquiry into your residency. If any outstanding payments or bills are discovered, your application may face rejection. To avoid this outcome, it is crucial to furnish substantial evidence of your financial stability.

Other Tips to Increase Your Chances of Getting Spanish Citizenship

Beyond avoiding common mistakes, here are some proactive tips that will help you with your chances of obtaining Spanish citizenship:

Learn Spanish: Demonstrate proficiency through the DELE exam and actively use Spanish in daily life. Volunteer, join local clubs, attend cultural events, and build relationships with Spanish citizens.

Clean criminal record: Obtain a police clearance certificate from your home country and any previous countries of residence. Avoid any legal issues or incidents that could raise concerns about your suitability for citizenship.

Submit a complete and accurate application: Double-check all information and ensure all required documents are present. Be prompt in submitting forms, paying fees, and attending appointments.

Interesting Facts About Spain

Spain is a land brimming with captivating history, vibrant culture, and fascinating quirks! Here are some amazing facts about the country that will fascinate you even more to be its citizen:

Land of Ancient Wonders: Spain boasts the third-highest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites globally, a testament to its rich tapestry of historical landmarks. From the prehistoric caves of Altamira to the awe-inspiring Roman aqueduct in Segovia, every corner whispers tales of bygone eras.

Home to the Oldest Restaurant: Can you imagine savouring a meal at the world's oldest eatery? In Spain, that dream becomes reality! Casa Botín, established in 1725 in Madrid, has satiated appetites for centuries, even welcoming Ernest Hemingway as a regular patron.

The Land of Don Quixote: Spain birthed the literary masterpiece "Don Quixote," considered the first modern novel. Cervantes's iconic character, a gentleman tilting at windmills, has become an enduring symbol of idealism and the pursuit of dreams.

A World Record Tomato Fight: La Tomatina, held in Buñol, is the world's largest food fight. Over 20,000 participants engage in a joyous, messy battle every year, flinging 100 tons of ripe tomatoes!

Home to Europe's Highest City: Brace yourself for thin air in Granada! Perched atop a hill at an altitude of 738 metres, it's the highest major city in Western Europe. Explore the breathtaking Alhambra palace and soak in the panoramic vistas.

A Toast with Cava: Champagne may have its French counterpart, but Spain boasts its own bubbly delight – Cava. Produced in Catalonia, Cava offers a delightful alternative, often at a friendlier price point. So, raise a glass and say, "Salud!"

Do’s and Don’ts in Spain

To make your stay in Spain smooth and respectful, consider these essential do's and don'ts:


  • A handshake and a kiss on each cheek are customary for introductions. For men, handshakes are standard.

  • Many shops and businesses close for a midday break from 2-4 pm. Use this time to relax or explore quieter streets.

  • Each region has its unique charm and traditions. Venture into villages, coastal towns, and natural landscapes.

  • Avoid revealing clothing in religious sites or small towns. Dressing neatly shows respect for local customs.


  • Spaniards tend to converse at a lower volume. Keep your voice down in public spaces and restaurants.

  • Don’t be impatient. Things may move at a slower pace in Spain. Relax, embrace the laid-back attitude, and enjoy the moment.

  • Public spaces are generally clean, so do your part and dispose of your trash responsibly.

  • Spain has strict drunk driving laws. Enjoy your drinks responsibly and arrange alternative transportation if needed.

Tata AIG Travel Insurance for a Short Visit

Tata AIG can be your travel safety net and a helpful companion on your Spanish vacation. Our comprehensive travel insurance policy covers trip cancellation, medical emergencies, baggage loss, and other unforeseen events.

Tata AIG offers various plans specifically designed for Spain, like Schengen travel insurance, with coverage of up to $500,000 for accidents and sickness. This financial security can give you peace of mind and allow you to focus on enjoying your trip.

Tata AIG's 24/7 helpline is available to you anywhere in Spain, no matter what time of day or night. If you face any medical emergencies, lost luggage, or other travel disruptions, our multilingual team can provide guidance and support, helping you find solutions and connect with necessary resources with your travel insurance Spain plan.

Final Words

For Indians considering a new chapter in Spain, the path to citizenship offers exciting possibilities. While navigating legalities and cultural nuances may seem daunting, with careful planning and perseverance, the rewards are immense. Imagine immersing yourself in vibrant Spanish culture, enjoying the freedom of movement within the EU, and building a future under the warm Mediterranean sun.

Embrace the process as an opportunity to deepen your connection with Spain, and the reward of becoming a Spanish citizen will be a source of lifelong pride and fulfilment. All the best!

Disclaimer / TnC

Your policy is subjected to terms and conditions & inclusions and exclusions mentioned in your policy wording. Please go through the documents carefully.

Related Articles

Is it possible to have dual nationality in Spain?

Is it possible to have dual nationality in Spain?


While acquiring Spanish citizenship generally requires renouncing your original nationality, certain exceptions exist. Individuals from Spanish-American countries, Andorra, the Philippines, Equatorial Guinea, or Portugal may be allowed to maintain dual citizenship. Additionally, Sephardic Jews and their descendants have the privilege of obtaining dual citizenship in both Spain and their home country.

How much does it cost to obtain Spanish citizenship for Indians?


Costs can vary, but expect to pay application fees, translation costs, medical tests, and potential integration course fees. The DELE and CCSE exams also have separate fees.

Can I apply for Spanish citizenship through marriage to a Spanish citizen?


Yes, marrying a Spanish citizen can speed up the citizenship process significantly. You may be eligible for citizenship after just one year of legal residency in Spain, provided you meet other requirements like integration and language proficiency.